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Haarlem – NL324

EU regions: Netherlands > Western Netherlands > North Holland > Haarlem

map of Haarlem NL324
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202193

More on wikipedia wikidata Q9920 on OpenStreetMap Haarlem slovensky: NL324


number of inhabitants2023234 638
population density20221738.6
old-age dependency ratio202332.1
demographic pyramid NL324 Haarlem

From Wikipedia:

Haarlem (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦaːrlɛm] (listen); pred­ecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of North Holland and is situated at the northern edge of the Randstad, one of the most populated metropolitan areas in Europe. Haarlem had a population of 159,556 in 2017.

Haarlem was granted city status or stadsrechten in 1245, although the first city walls were not built until 1270. The modern city encompasses the former municipality of Schoten as well as parts that previously belonged to Bloemendaal and Heemstede. Apart from the city, the municipality of Haarlem also includes the western part of the village of Spaarndam. Newer sections of Spaarndam lie within the neighbouring municipality of Haarlemmermeer.


The city is located on the river Spaarne, giving it its nickname 'Spaarnestad' (Spaarne city). It is situated about 20 km (12 mi) west of Amsterdam and near the coastal dunes. Haarlem has been the historical centre of the tulip bulb-growing district for centuries and bears its other nickname 'Bloemenstad' (flower city) for this reason.

Other: North Holland, Het Gooi en Vechtstreek, Alkmaar en omgeving, Groot-Amsterdam, Kop van Noord-Holland, Haarlem, Zaanstreek, IJmond

Neighbours: Groot-Amsterdam, Agglomeratie Leiden en Bollenstreek, Zaanstreek, IJmond

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Haarlem – NL324, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PNL324, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164