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Netherlands – NL

EU regions: Netherlands

map of Netherlands NL
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20212.856
public expenditure on active labour market policies20211.413
Life long learning
life long learning participation202226.4
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202110
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20212.9
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q223.2
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q236.8
percentage of workers usually working from home202218.4
percentage of part time workers2023q238.69
percentage of part time workers, men2023q218.79
percentage of part time workers, women2023q260.6
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q250.4
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202143.1
monthly minimum wage in €2023q31995
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q31709.48
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202235 789
Gender differences
gender pay gap202113.5
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202270.7
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021101.1
gender gap in employment rate2023q291.52
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q2115.62
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q211.7
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q25.9
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q25.5
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2022129
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20220.5
employment rate2023q282.5
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202016.1

More on wikipedia wikidata Q55 on OpenStreetMap Netherlands slovensky: NL

Subregions: Northern Netherlands, Eastern Netherlands, Western Netherlands, Southern Netherlands

demographic pyramid NL Netherlands based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q23.4
youth unemployment rate2023q28.2
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q25.7
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q20.5
share of long term unemployed2023q218.3

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Netherlands

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 240.0
E: 166.0; U: 13.0; I: 61.0
P: 1085.2
E: 897.3; U: 46.9; I: 141.0
P: 931.3
E: 822.2; U: 36.2; I: 72.9
Y30-39P: 275.0
E: 196.1; U: 9.3; I: 69.6
P: 729.7
E: 636.2; U: 14.5; I: 79.0
P: 1206.2
E: 1111.8; U: 27.0; I: 67.4
Y40-49P: 334.5
E: 242.2; U: 6.7; I: 85.6
P: 768.4
E: 676.0; U: 12.7; I: 79.7
P: 985.1
E: 904.1; U: 15.6; I: 65.4
Y50-59P: 611.9
E: 432.4; U: 10.5; I: 169.0
P: 1008.4
E: 861.2; U: 17.1; I: 130.1
P: 876.1
E: 785.8; U: 15.8; I: 74.5
Y60-69P: 754.4
E: 289.4; U: 11.6; I: 453.4
P: 774.6
E: 360.8; U: 14.6; I: 399.2
P: 625.0
E: 327.1; U: 14.7; I: 283.2

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid NL 1996 Netherlands, population pyramid of Netherlands
number of inhabitants202217 590 672
population density2022512.8
old-age dependency ratio202231.1
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q22.1
aggregate replacement ratio20220.52
aggregate replacement ratio – females20220.55
life expectancy of a 50 year old202132.7
healty life expectancy at 50 years202118.3
demographic pyramid NL Netherlands

Employment by sectors, Netherlands

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A179.52 %B-E900.79 %
F414.74 %G-I2326.724 %
J431.65 %K297.83 %
L73.11 %M_N1296.314 %
NRP209.32 %O-Q3022.232 %
R-U4355 %TOTAL9587100 %

Data for the period year 2022. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Netherlands, 2022

From Wikipedia:

The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland, [ˈneːdərlɑnt] (listen)) is a country located in Northwestern Europe with some overseas territories. In Europe, it consists of twelve provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht, and Eindhoven. Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General, Cabinet and Supreme Court. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, and the largest in any country outside Asia. The country is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. It hosts several intergovernmental organisations and international courts, many of which are centered in The Hague, which is consequently dubbed 'the world's legal capital'.

Netherlands literally means 'lower countries' in reference to its low elevation and flat topography, with only about 50 % of its land exceeding 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) above sea level, and nearly 17 % falling below sea level. Most of the areas below sea level, known as polders, are the result of land reclamation that began in the 16th century.

Other: Norway, Netherlands

Neighbours: Belgium, Germany

Subregions: Northern Netherlands, Eastern Netherlands, Western Netherlands, Southern Netherlands

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Netherlands – NL, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​en/projects/eu-regions/NL