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Belgium – BE

EU regions: Belgium

map of Belgium BE
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20212.23
public expenditure on active labour market policies20210.539
Life long learning
life long learning participation202311.1
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202312.3
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20233.4
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2024q18.8
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2024q138.6
percentage of workers usually working from home202314.6
percentage of part time workers202322.86
percentage of part time workers, men202310.02
percentage of part time workers, women202337.27
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2024q147.6
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202042.4
monthly minimum wage in €2024q11994.18
monthly minimum wage in PPS2024q11728.57
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202330 862
Gender differences
gender pay gap20225
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202353.1
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women202297.54
gender gap in employment rate2024q190.1
gender gap in unemployment rate2024q178.12
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education202325.3
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2024q113.8
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2024q15.8
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2023117
HICP inflationMay 20244.9
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20232
employment rate2024q166.2
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202018.9
job vacancies rate2011q41.6

More on wikipedia wikidata Q31 on OpenStreetMap Belgium slovensky: BE

Subregions: Brussels-Capital Region, Flemish Region, Walloon Region

demographic pyramid BE Belgium based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate20235.6
youth unemployment rate2024q116
unemployment rate of low educated people2024q113.1
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2024q12.2
share of long term unemployed2024q135.9

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Belgium

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 164.3
E: 68.8; U: 21.1; I: 74.4
P: 677.6
E: 363.1; U: 53.6; I: 260.9
P: 552.1
E: 406.1; U: 21.6; I: 124.4
Y30-39P: 210.5
E: 110.4; U: 23.8; I: 76.3
P: 515.2
E: 421.9; U: 24.4; I: 68.9
P: 792.5
E: 726.6; U: 22.2; I: 43.7
Y40-49P: 222.4
E: 128.9; U: 15.9; I: 77.6
P: 551.4
E: 451.0; U: 18.0; I: 82.4
P: 727.2
E: 669.9; U: 16.2; I: 41.1
Y50-59P: 330.5
E: 175.4; U: 11.8; I: 143.3
P: 603.4
E: 459.4; U: 14.6; I: 129.4
P: 644.8
E: 574.7; U: 14.9; I: 55.2
Y60-69P: 445.2
E: 52.4; U: 2.9; I: 389.9
P: 500.6
E: 112.2; U: 5.9; I: 382.5
P: 448.3
E: 176.3; U: 6.4; I: 265.6

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid BE 1996 Belgium, population pyramid of Belgium
number of inhabitants20231.1742796e+07
population density2022383.6
old-age dependency ratio202330.8
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2024q13.4
aggregate replacement ratio20230.48
aggregate replacement ratio – females20230.47
life expectancy of a 50 year old202233.3
healty life expectancy at 50 years202220.1
demographic pyramid BE Belgium

Employment by sectors, Belgium

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A54.81 %B-E642.613 %
F333.87 %G-I1073.221 %
J203.84 %K151.53 %
L40.31 %M_N636.613 %
O-Q1631.932 %R-U259.75 %
TOTAL5028.4100 %

Data for the period year 2023. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Belgium, 2023

From Wikipedia: Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30,688 km2 (11,849 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Its institutional organization is complex and is structured on both regional and linguistic grounds. It is divided into three highly autonomous regions: Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, and the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels is the smallest and most densely populated region, as well as the richest region in terms of GDP per capita.

Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups or communities: the Dutch-speaking, mostly Flemish Community, which constitutes about 59 percent of the population, and the French-speaking Community, which comprises about 40 percent of all Belgians. A small German-speaking Community, numbering around one percent, exists in the East Cantons.

Other: Belgium, Bulgaria

Neighbours: France, Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg

Subregions: Brussels-Capital Region, Flemish Region, Walloon Region

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Belgium – BE, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PBE, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164