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Belgium – BE

EU regions: Belgium

map of Belgium BE
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20212.23
public expenditure on active labour market policies20210.539
Life long learning
life long learning participation202210.3
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202111.5
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20213.6
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q28.1
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q237.8
percentage of workers usually working from home202216.8
percentage of part time workers2023q223.19
percentage of part time workers, men2023q29.7
percentage of part time workers, women2023q238.19
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q252.1
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202042.4
monthly minimum wage in €2023q31955.04
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q31702.77
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202229 174
Gender differences
gender pay gap20215
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202250.5
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021100
gender gap in employment rate2023q290.74
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q281.67
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q226.1
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q213
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q26.1
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2021120
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20221.5
employment rate2023q265.9
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202018.9

More on wikipedia wikidata Q31 on OpenStreetMap Belgium slovensky: BE

Subregions: Brussels-Capital Region, Flemish Region, Wallonia

demographic pyramid BE Belgium based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q25.5
youth unemployment rate2023q213.9
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q214.3
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q22.3
share of long term unemployed2023q241

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Belgium

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 164.3
E: 68.8; U: 21.1; I: 74.4
P: 677.6
E: 363.1; U: 53.6; I: 260.9
P: 552.1
E: 406.1; U: 21.6; I: 124.4
Y30-39P: 210.5
E: 110.4; U: 23.8; I: 76.3
P: 515.2
E: 421.9; U: 24.4; I: 68.9
P: 792.5
E: 726.6; U: 22.2; I: 43.7
Y40-49P: 222.4
E: 128.9; U: 15.9; I: 77.6
P: 551.4
E: 451.0; U: 18.0; I: 82.4
P: 727.2
E: 669.9; U: 16.2; I: 41.1
Y50-59P: 330.5
E: 175.4; U: 11.8; I: 143.3
P: 603.4
E: 459.4; U: 14.6; I: 129.4
P: 644.8
E: 574.7; U: 14.9; I: 55.2
Y60-69P: 445.2
E: 52.4; U: 2.9; I: 389.9
P: 500.6
E: 112.2; U: 5.9; I: 382.5
P: 448.3
E: 176.3; U: 6.4; I: 265.6

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid BE 1996 Belgium, population pyramid of Belgium
number of inhabitants202211 617 623
population density2022380.5
old-age dependency ratio202230.6
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q23.9
aggregate replacement ratio20220.48
aggregate replacement ratio – females20220.47
life expectancy of a 50 year old202133.4
healty life expectancy at 50 years202120.6
demographic pyramid BE Belgium

Employment by sectors, Belgium

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A45.31 %B-E640.113 %
F311.46 %G-I1078.222 %
J219.24 %K154.83 %
L39.81 %M_N614.212 %
O-Q1629.433 %R-U257.95 %
TOTAL4990.3100 %

Data for the period year 2022. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Belgium, 2022

From Wikipedia: Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30,688 km2 (11,849 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Its institutional organization is complex and is structured on both regional and linguistic grounds. It is divided into three highly autonomous regions: Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, and the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels is the smallest and most densely populated region, as well as the richest region in terms of GDP per capita.

Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups or communities: the Dutch-speaking, mostly Flemish Community, which constitutes about 59 percent of the population, and the French-speaking Community, which comprises about 40 percent of all Belgians. A small German-speaking Community, numbering around one percent, exists in the East Cantons.

Other: Bulgaria, Belgium

Neighbours: France, Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg

Subregions: Brussels-Capital Region, Flemish Region, Wallonia

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Belgium – BE, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​en/projects/eu-regions/BE