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Bulgaria - BG

EU regions: Bulgaria

map of Bulgaria BG
flag of Bulgaria BG coat of arms Bulgaria BG
long term unemployment2022q31.9
share of long term unemployed2022q357.5
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202055
unemployment rate2022q33.7
employment rate2022q371.9
number of inhabitants20216 916 548
population density201963.4
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20201.305
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.695
working hours on full time job2022q339.7
percentage of workers usually working from home20212.8
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20216.3
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2022q34.3
percentage of part time workers2022q31.74
percentage of part time workers, men2022q31.67
percentage of part time workers, women2022q31.82
gender pay gap202012.7
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202146.8
life long learning participation20211.8
youth unemployment rate2022q310.3
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2021q233.4
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2022q311.3
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2015q425
unemployment rate of low educated people2022q39.4
unemployment rate – over 55 years2022q33.1
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202032.1
aggregate replacement ratio20210.35
aggregate replacement ratio – females20210.34
old-age dependency ratio202134.1
gender gap in employment rate2022q390.2
gender gap in unemployment rate2022q385
share of salaries on GDP2022q341.3
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20210.5
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202142.6
monthly minimum wage in €2022q3363.02
monthly minimum wage in PPS2022q3652.93
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202113 221

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q219 * Bulgaria slovensky: BG

demographic pyramid BG Bulgaria based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Bulgaria

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 112.7
E: 42.8; U: 8.0; I: 61.9
P: 424.8
E: 214.2; U: 17.6; I: 193.0
P: 142.8
E: 114.6; U: 6.6; I: 21.6
Y30-39P: 160.7
E: 80.7; U: 14.9; I: 65.1
P: 473.2
E: 386.5; U: 22.1; I: 64.6
P: 317.2
E: 285.5; U: 7.2; I: 24.5
Y40-49P: 164.3
E: 94.4; U: 13.9; I: 56.0
P: 564.9
E: 494.6; U: 19.0; I: 51.3
P: 321.6
E: 299.6; U: 7.6; I: 14.4
Y50-59P: 158.6
E: 82.2; U: 12.4; I: 64.0
P: 558.5
E: 456.2; U: 17.5; I: 84.8
P: 235.3
E: 216.2; U: 3.0; I: 16.1
Y60-69P: 193.7
E: 42.4; U: 5.5; I: 145.8
P: 517.2
E: 177.1; U: 6.7; I: 333.4
P: 218.5
E: 102.6; U: 1.4; I: 114.5

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid BG 1996 Bulgaria, population pyramid of Bulgaria demographic pyramid BG Bulgaria

Employment by sectors, Bulgaria

J101.93 %
R-U116.64 %
F267.99 %
K65.12 %
O-Q569.118 %
A193.66 %
B-E680.622 %
M_N220.87 %
TOTAL3076.5100 %
L15.81 %
G-I84527 %

za 2021, tabulka='lfst_r_lfe2en2' and tags->'age'='Y_GE15' and tags->'sex'='T'

Employment by sectors, Bulgaria, 2021From wikipedia:

Bulgaria ( (listen); Bulgarian: България, romanized: Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Република България, tr. Republika Bǎlgariya, IPA: [rɛˈpublikɐ bɐɫˈɡarijɐ]), is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The capital and largest city is Sofia; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe's 16th-largest country.

One of the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Bulgaria was the Neolithic Karanovo culture, which dates back to 6,500 BC. In the 6th to 3rd century BC the region was a battleground for Thracians, Persians, Celts and ancient Macedonians; stability came when the Roman Empire conquered the region in AD 45. The Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire lost some of these territories to an invading Bulgar horde in the late 7th century. The Bulgars founded the First Bulgarian Empire in AD 681, which dominated most of the Balkans and significantly influenced Slavic cultures by developing the Cyrillic script. This state lasted until the early 11th century, when Byzantine emperor Basil II conquered and dismantled it. A successful Bulgarian revolt in 1185 established a Second Bulgarian Empire, which reached its apex under Ivan Asen II (1218 –1241). After numerous exhausting wars and feudal strife, the Second Bulgarian Empire disintegrated in 1396 and its territories fell under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries.

other: Bulgaria, Belgium

neighbours: Greece, Serbia, Romania, North Macedonia, Turkey

subregions: Northern and Eastern Bulgaria, South-Western and South-Central Bulgaria

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Bulgaria - BG, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/BG


Current statistics

December 2022: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 178143, of which 73275 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 6.6 % (2.7 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 20.8 % (13.0 %), Revúca 20.1 % (12.3 %), Kežmarok 18.0 % (8.9 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Bratislava V 2.6 %, Trenčín 2.8 %, Ilava 2.8 %, Bratislava I 3.0 %, Nitra 3.1 %