Employment Institute - https://www.iz.sk - logoqr kod na stranku

Bulgaria - BG

EU regions: Bulgaria

map of Bulgaria BG
flag of Bulgaria BG coat of arms Bulgaria BG
long term unemployment2021q42.2
share of long term unemployed2021q454.6
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202055
unemployment rate2021q44.6
employment rate2021q468.5
number of inhabitants20216 916 548
population density201963.4
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20190.555
public expenditure on active labour market policies20190.16
working hours on full time job2021q439.5
percentage of workers usually working from home20212.8
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20216.3
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2021q43.3
percentage of part time workers2021q41.59
percentage of part time workers, men2021q41.22
percentage of part time workers, women2021q42.01
gender pay gap202012.7
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202146.8
life long learning participation20211.8
youth unemployment rate2021q415.9
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2021q233.4
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2021q415.6
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2015q425
unemployment rate of low educated people2021q412.6
unemployment rate – over 55 years2021q43.9
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202032.1
aggregate replacement ratio20200.34
aggregate replacement ratio – females20200.32
old-age dependency ratio202134.1
gender gap in employment rate2021q489.61
gender gap in unemployment rate2021q485.71
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20210.5
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202043.1
monthly minimum wage in €2022q1332.34
monthly minimum wage in PPS2022q1604.13
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202112 637

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q219 * Bulgaria slovensky: BG

demographic pyramid BG Bulgaria based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Bulgaria

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 112.7
E: 42.8; U: 8.0; I: 61.9
P: 424.8
E: 214.2; U: 17.6; I: 193.0
P: 142.8
E: 114.6; U: 6.6; I: 21.6
Y30-39P: 160.7
E: 80.7; U: 14.9; I: 65.1
P: 473.2
E: 386.5; U: 22.1; I: 64.6
P: 317.2
E: 285.5; U: 7.2; I: 24.5
Y40-49P: 164.3
E: 94.4; U: 13.9; I: 56.0
P: 564.9
E: 494.6; U: 19.0; I: 51.3
P: 321.6
E: 299.6; U: 7.6; I: 14.4
Y50-59P: 158.6
E: 82.2; U: 12.4; I: 64.0
P: 558.5
E: 456.2; U: 17.5; I: 84.8
P: 235.3
E: 216.2; U: 3.0; I: 16.1
Y60-69P: 193.7
E: 42.4; U: 5.5; I: 145.8
P: 517.2
E: 177.1; U: 6.7; I: 333.4
P: 218.5
E: 102.6; U: 1.4; I: 114.5

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid BG 1996 Bulgaria, population pyramid of Bulgaria demographic pyramid BG Bulgaria

From wikipedia:

Bulgaria ( (listen); Bulgarian: България, romanized: Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Република България, tr. Republika Bǎlgariya, IPA: [rɛˈpublikɐ bɐɫˈɡarijɐ]), is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The capital and largest city is Sofia; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe's 16th-largest country.

One of the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Bulgaria was the Neolithic Karanovo culture, which dates back to 6,500 BC. In the 6th to 3rd century BC the region was a battleground for Thracians, Persians, Celts and ancient Macedonians; stability came when the Roman Empire conquered the region in AD 45. The Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire lost some of these territories to an invading Bulgar horde in the late 7th century. The Bulgars founded the First Bulgarian Empire in AD 681, which dominated most of the Balkans and significantly influenced Slavic cultures by developing the Cyrillic script. This state lasted until the early 11th century, when Byzantine emperor Basil II conquered and dismantled it. A successful Bulgarian revolt in 1185 established a Second Bulgarian Empire, which reached its apex under Ivan Asen II (1218 –1241). After numerous exhausting wars and feudal strife, the Second Bulgarian Empire disintegrated in 1396 and its territories fell under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries.

other: Bulgaria, Belgium

neighbours: Greece, Serbia, Romania, North Macedonia, Turkey

subregions: Northern and Eastern Bulgaria, South-Western and South-Central Bulgaria

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Bulgaria - BG, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/BG


Current statistics

April 2022: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 193409, of which 88066 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 7.2 % (3.3 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 21.8 % (14.0 %), Revúca 21.0 % (13.5 %), Kežmarok 18.8 % (10.1 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Bratislava V 2.9 %, Trenčín 3.0 %, Ilava 3.2 %, Bratislava I 3.3 %, Hlohovec 3.4 %