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Greece – EL

EU regions: Greece

map of Greece EL
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20203.377
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.188
Life long learning
life long learning participation20233.4
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202316
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20234.6
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q47.5
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q441
percentage of workers usually working from home20231.9
percentage of part time workers20236.92
percentage of part time workers, men20233.82
percentage of part time workers, women202311.07
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q437.1
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services201156.4
monthly minimum wage in €2024q1910
monthly minimum wage in PPS2024q11031.22
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202320 066
Gender differences
gender pay gap201810.4
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202345.1
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021105.49
gender gap in employment rate202374.58
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q4154.12
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education202334
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q426.3
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q438.1
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202267
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20233.5
employment rate2023q461.7
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202028.8

More on wikipedia wikidata Q41 on OpenStreetMap Greece slovensky: EL

Subregions: Attica Region, Aegean Islands and Crete, Northern Greece, Kentriki Ellada

demographic pyramid EL Greece based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q410.6
youth unemployment rate202326.7
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q410.7
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q45.3
share of long term unemployed202356

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Greece

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 58.3
E: 26.0; U: 12.4; I: 19.9
P: 650.8
E: 279.7; U: 92.1; I: 279.0
P: 321.5
E: 214.4; U: 52.8; I: 54.3
Y30-39P: 139.8
E: 80.3; U: 21.4; I: 38.1
P: 543.5
E: 396.7; U: 66.9; I: 79.9
P: 522.1
E: 432.0; U: 49.0; I: 41.1
Y40-49P: 253.4
E: 165.4; U: 30.8; I: 57.2
P: 770.6
E: 577.0; U: 78.0; I: 115.6
P: 528.1
E: 462.8; U: 32.0; I: 33.3
Y50-59P: 386.1
E: 236.5; U: 30.4; I: 119.2
P: 703.4
E: 467.8; U: 49.9; I: 185.7
P: 478.3
E: 391.8; U: 18.4; I: 68.1
Y60-69P: 562.1
E: 144.0; U: 16.7; I: 401.4
P: 465.2
E: 114.9; U: 16.4; I: 333.9
P: 322.0
E: 117.0; U: 6.5; I: 198.5

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid EL 1996 Greece, population pyramid of Greece
number of inhabitants20231.0413982e+07
population density202280.3
old-age dependency ratio202336
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q46.4
aggregate replacement ratio20230.78
aggregate replacement ratio – females20230.73
life expectancy of a 50 year old202131.8
healty life expectancy at 50 years202118.7
demographic pyramid EL Greece

Employment by sectors, Greece

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A480.911 %B-E502.712 %
F165.84 %G-I1301.331 %
J105.63 %K83.92 %
L13.90 %M_N357.39 %
NRP2.80 %O-Q100824 %
R-U171.14 %TOTAL4193.5100 %

Data for the period year 2023. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Greece, 2023

From Wikipedia:

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), also known as Hellas (Greek: Ελλάς), is a sovereign state located in Southern and Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of 2018; Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.

Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. It shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in length, featuring a large number of islands, of which 227 are inhabited. Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2,918 metres (9,573 ft). The country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands.

Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilisation, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, Western drama and notably the Olympic Games. From the eighth century B.C., the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as poleis (singular polis), which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea.

Other: Greece, Spain, Estonia, European Union

Neighbours: Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey

Subregions: Attica Region, Aegean Islands and Crete, Northern Greece, Kentriki Ellada

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Greece – EL, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PEL, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164