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Spain – ES

EU regions: Spain

map of Spain ES
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20213.235
public expenditure on active labour market policies20210.795
Life long learning
life long learning participation202315.8
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202317.2
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20235.2
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q414.2
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q438
percentage of workers usually working from home20237.2
percentage of part time workers202311.78
percentage of part time workers, men20235.09
percentage of part time workers, women202319.53
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2024q148.8
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202250.3
monthly minimum wage in €2024q11323
monthly minimum wage in PPS2024q11373.93
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202324 475
Gender differences
gender pay gap20228.7
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202349.1
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women202198.99
gender gap in employment rate202386.71
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q4127.62
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q438.8
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q425.7
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q421.7
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202286
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20232.5
employment rate202365.3
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202026.4

More on wikipedia wikidata Q29 on OpenStreetMap Spain slovensky: ES

Subregions: Noroeste, Noreste, Community of Madrid, Centro, Este, Sur, Canary Islands

demographic pyramid ES Spain based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q411.9
youth unemployment rate2023q428.5
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q416.9
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q44.2
share of long term unemployed202335

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Spain

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 1128.3
E: 592.8; U: 251.3; I: 284.2
P: 1846.3
E: 783.7; U: 217.1; I: 845.5
P: 1993.6
E: 1367.1; U: 235.9; I: 390.6
Y30-39P: 1833.8
E: 1221.9; U: 285.5; I: 326.4
P: 1320.4
E: 1006.5; U: 151.6; I: 162.3
P: 2691.1
E: 2307.2; U: 194.4; I: 189.5
Y40-49P: 2567.0
E: 1768.9; U: 344.0; I: 454.1
P: 1791.4
E: 1417.6; U: 178.8; I: 195.0
P: 3412.8
E: 3010.6; U: 177.0; I: 225.2
Y50-59P: 3059.7
E: 1798.4; U: 373.4; I: 887.9
P: 1696.9
E: 1215.3; U: 172.7; I: 308.9
P: 2521.3
E: 2119.7; U: 139.9; I: 261.7
Y60-69P: 3127.0
E: 706.3; U: 136.3; I: 2284.4
P: 1131.8
E: 394.9; U: 48.3; I: 688.6
P: 1483.2
E: 616.4; U: 41.3; I: 825.5

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid ES 1996 Spain, population pyramid of Spain
number of inhabitants20234.808536e+07
population density202295
old-age dependency ratio202330.4
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q411
aggregate replacement ratio20230.77
aggregate replacement ratio – females20230.63
life expectancy of a 50 year old202134.6
healty life expectancy at 50 years202119.7
demographic pyramid ES Spain

Employment by sectors, Spain

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A767.34 %B-E2814.513 %
F13987 %G-I6069.129 %
J753.54 %K482.22 %
L172.81 %M_N2290.511 %
O-Q4905.123 %R-U1529.27 %
TOTAL21 182100 %

Data for the period year 2023. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Spain, 2023

From Wikipedia:

Spain (Spanish: España [esˈpaɲa] (listen)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Málaga and Bilbao.

Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago.

Other: Greece, Spain, Estonia, European Union

Neighbours: France, Portugal

Subregions: Noroeste, Noreste, Community of Madrid, Centro, Este, Sur, Canary Islands

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Spain – ES, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PES, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164