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Estonia - EE

EU regions: Estonia

map of Estonia EE
flag of Estonia EE coat of arms Estonia EE
long term unemployment2022q41.2
share of long term unemployed2022q425
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202287
unemployment rate2022q45.6
employment rate2022q476.9
number of inhabitants20221 331 796
population density201930.5
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20202.399
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.409
working hours on full time job2022q439
percentage of workers usually working from home202114.8
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202110.1
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20215.4
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2022q42.6
gender pay gap202120.5
life long learning participation202118.4
youth unemployment rate2022q416.9
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2022q427.8
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2022q414.7
unemployment rate of low educated people2022q49.8
unemployment rate – over 55 years2022q44.7
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202023.2
aggregate replacement ratio20210.44
aggregate replacement ratio – females20210.45
old-age dependency ratio202232.3
gender gap in employment rate2022q498.45
gender gap in unemployment rate2022q477.78
share of salaries on GDP2022q446.7
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20210
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202137.9
monthly minimum wage in €2023q1725
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q1834.38
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202117 954

* Estonia slovensky: EE

demographic pyramid EE Estonia based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Estonia

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 18.7
E: 10.7; U: 2.4; I: 5.6
P: 84.3
E: 56.5; U: 8.2; I: 19.6
P: 38.9
E: 31.3; U: 2.1; I: 5.5
Y30-39P: 24.4
E: 15.7; U: 2.0; I: 6.7
P: 87.9
E: 73.0; U: 4.8; I: 10.1
P: 83.1
E: 67.2; U: 4.2; I: 11.7
Y40-49P: 22.7
E: 15.5; U: 1.9; I: 5.3
P: 85.3
E: 74.7; U: 3.9; I: 6.7
P: 73.8
E: 67.5; U: 2.2; I: 4.1
Y50-59P: 11.3
E: 6.7; U: 0.5; I: 4.1
P: 92.2
E: 74.2; U: 5.7; I: 12.3
P: 66.8
E: 58.8; U: 3.3; I: 4.7
Y60-69P: 22.1
E: 5.1; U: 0.6; I: 16.4
P: 82.6
E: 38.2; U: 2.4; I: 42.0
P: 56.9
E: 35.7; U: 1.4; I: 19.8

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid EE 1996 Estonia, population pyramid of Estonia demographic pyramid EE Estonia

Employment by sectors, Estonia

A17.63 %
B-E132.720 %
F57.29 %
G-I150.623 %
J31.95 %
K152 %
L10.92 %
M_N53.58 %
O-Q147.323 %
R-U37.76 %
TOTAL654.2100 %

za 2021, tabulka='lfst_r_lfe2en2' and tags->'age'='Y_GE15' and tags->'sex'='T'

Employment by sectors, Estonia, 2021From wikipedia:

Estonia (Estonian: Eesti [ˈeːsʲti] (listen)), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden on the other side, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), water 2,839 km2 (1,096 sq mi), land area 42,388 km2 (16,366 sq mi), and is influenced by a humid continental climate. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the second-most-spoken Finnic language.

The territory of Estonia has been inhabited since at least 9,000 B.C. Ancient Estonians were some of the last European pagans to be Christianized, following the Livonian Crusade in the 13th century. After centuries of successive rule by Germans, Danes, Swedes, Poles and Russians, a distinct Estonian national identity began to emerge in the 19th and early 20th centuries. This culminated in independence from Russia in 1920 after a brief War of Independence at the end of World War I. Initially democratic, subsequent to the Great Depression, Estonia was governed by authoritarian rule since 1934 during the Era of Silence. During World War II (1939 –1945), Estonia was repeatedly contested and occupied by the Soviet Union and Germany, ultimately being incorporated into the former. After the loss of its de facto independence, Estonia's de jure state continuity was preserved by diplomatic representatives and the government-in-exile. In 1987 the peaceful Singing Revolution began against Soviet rule, resulting in the restoration of de facto independence on 20 August 1991.

other: European Union, Spain, Estonia, Greece

neighbours: Latvia

subregions: EESTI

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Estonia - EE, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/EE