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Poland - PL

EU regions: Poland

map of Poland PL
flag of Poland PL coat of arms Poland PL
long term unemployment2022q40.8
share of long term unemployed2022q429
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202177
unemployment rate2022q42.9
employment rate2022q471.8
number of inhabitants202137 840 001
population density2019123.6
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20201.791
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.718
working hours on full time job2022q439.8
percentage of workers usually working from home20217
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20214.8
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20212
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2022q412.1
gender pay gap20214.5
life long learning participation20215.4
youth unemployment rate2022q412.1
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2022q413.9
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2022q412.2
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2022q410.5
unemployment rate of low educated people2022q48.2
unemployment rate – over 55 years2022q41.9
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202017.3
aggregate replacement ratio20210.59
aggregate replacement ratio – females20210.57
old-age dependency ratio202128.5
gender gap in employment rate2022q485.53
gender gap in unemployment rate2022q493.33
share of salaries on GDP2022q436
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20211.1
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202150.1
monthly minimum wage in €2023q1745.6
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q11273.85
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202118 522

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q36 * Poland slovensky: PL

demographic pyramid PL Poland based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Poland

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 340.2
E: 125.7; U: 19.6; I: 194.9
P: 2673.6
E: 1702.3; U: 130.5; I: 840.8
P: 1059.9
E: 847.4; U: 43.6; I: 168.9
Y30-39P: 268.4
E: 145.0; U: 16.1; I: 107.3
P: 2605.3
E: 2106.9; U: 71.0; I: 427.4
P: 2578.9
E: 2349.8; U: 43.7; I: 185.4
Y40-49P: 299.6
E: 176.7; U: 14.8; I: 108.1
P: 3125.5
E: 2621.8; U: 63.5; I: 440.2
P: 1839.5
E: 1724.2; U: 22.4; I: 92.9
Y50-59P: 332.7
E: 178.5; U: 13.4; I: 140.8
P: 3099.3
E: 2220.6; U: 55.1; I: 823.6
P: 898.4
E: 815.0; U: 6.9; I: 76.5
Y60-69P: 695.6
E: 81.6; U: 1.5; I: 612.5
P: 3639.1
E: 849.0; U: 14.7; I: 2775.4
P: 730.5
E: 312.0; U: 4.3; I: 414.2

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid PL 1996 Poland, population pyramid of Poland demographic pyramid PL Poland

Data on unemployment in counties powiat of Poland are available at Local Administrative Units data.

unemployment in powiat of Poland akt/unemployment-share-poland-powiat-lau

Employment by sectors, Poland

A1390.58 %
B-E3788.823 %
F1332.68 %
G-I3785.823 %
J486.13 %
K402.32 %
L151.31 %
M_N1131.57 %
NRP99.91 %
O-Q3507.321 %
R-U5803 %
TOTAL16 656100 %

za 2021, tabulka='lfst_r_lfe2en2' and tags->'age'='Y_GE15' and tags->'sex'='T'

Employment by sectors, Poland, 2021From wikipedia:

Poland (Polish: Polska [ˈpɔlska] (listen)), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska] (listen)), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west.

The history of human activity on Polish soil spans almost 500,000 years. Throughout the Iron Age it became extensively diverse, with various cultures and tribes settling in what was then East Germania. However, it was the Western Polans who dominated the region and gave Poland its name. The establishment of the first Polish state can be traced to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity.

other: Portugal, Poland

neighbours: LIETUVA, Czech Republic, SLOVENSKO, Germany


Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Poland - PL, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/PL