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Poland - PL

EU regions: Poland

map of Poland PL
flag of Poland PL coat of arms Poland PL
long term unemployment2021q31
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average201973
unemployment rate2021q33.1
employment rate2021q371
number of inhabitants202037 958 138
population density2019123.6
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20190.45
public expenditure on active labour market policies20190.254
working hours on full time job2021q341.7
percentage of workers usually working from home20209
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20204.9
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2021q311.1
percentage of part time workers2021q34.71
percentage of part time workers, men2021q33
percentage of part time workers, women2021q36.76
gender pay gap20198.5
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202051.5
life long learning participation20203.7
youth unemployment rate202010.8
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2021q314.3
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2021q310.9
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2021q313.6
unemployment rate of low educated people2021q37.5
unemployment rate – over 55 years2021q32.2
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202017.3
aggregate replacement ratio20200.58
aggregate replacement ratio – females20200.57
old-age dependency ratio202027.5
gender gap in employment rate2021q383.46
gender gap in unemployment rate2021q3106.67
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20201.3
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202050.5
monthly minimum wage in €2021q3619.46
monthly minimum wage in PPS2021q31061.95
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202017 902

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q36 * on OpenStreetMap * Poland slovensky: PL

demographic pyramid PL Poland based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Poland

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 340.2
E: 125.7; U: 19.6; I: 194.9
P: 2673.6
E: 1702.3; U: 130.5; I: 840.8
P: 1059.9
E: 847.4; U: 43.6; I: 168.9
Y30-39P: 268.4
E: 145.0; U: 16.1; I: 107.3
P: 2605.3
E: 2106.9; U: 71.0; I: 427.4
P: 2578.9
E: 2349.8; U: 43.7; I: 185.4
Y40-49P: 299.6
E: 176.7; U: 14.8; I: 108.1
P: 3125.5
E: 2621.8; U: 63.5; I: 440.2
P: 1839.5
E: 1724.2; U: 22.4; I: 92.9
Y50-59P: 332.7
E: 178.5; U: 13.4; I: 140.8
P: 3099.3
E: 2220.6; U: 55.1; I: 823.6
P: 898.4
E: 815.0; U: 6.9; I: 76.5
Y60-69P: 695.6
E: 81.6; U: 1.5; I: 612.5
P: 3639.1
E: 849.0; U: 14.7; I: 2775.4
P: 730.5
E: 312.0; U: 4.3; I: 414.2

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid PL 1996 Poland, population pyramid of Poland demographic pyramid PL Poland

From wikipedia:

Poland (Polish: Polska [ˈpɔlska] (listen)), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska] (listen)), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west.

The history of human activity on Polish soil spans almost 500,000 years. Throughout the Iron Age it became extensively diverse, with various cultures and tribes settling in what was then East Germania. However, it was the Western Polans who dominated the region and gave Poland its name. The establishment of the first Polish state can be traced to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity.

other: Portugal, Poland

neighbours: LIETUVA, Czech Republic, SLOVENSKO, Germany


Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Poland - PL, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/PL


Current statistics

December 2021: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 200225, of which 92693 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 7.4 % (3.4 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 21.7 % (13.9 %), Revúca 20.8 % (13.6 %), Kežmarok 18.3 % (10.3 %), Rožňava 17.0 % (10.6 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Trenčín 3.5 %, Trnava 3.6 %, Hlohovec 3.6 %, Nitra 3.7 %, Piešťany 3.7 %