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Poland – PL

EU regions: Poland

map of Poland PL
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20210.796
public expenditure on active labour market policies20210.462
Life long learning
life long learning participation20227.6
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20214.8
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20212
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q212.3
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q239.7
percentage of workers usually working from home20225
percentage of part time workers2023q25.57
percentage of part time workers, men2023q23.11
percentage of part time workers, women2023q28.44
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q239.7
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202247.61
monthly minimum wage in €2023q3811.03
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q31249.19
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202220 567
Gender differences
gender pay gap20214.5
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202256.2
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021115.95
gender gap in employment rate2023q285.35
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q2108
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q214.4
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q211.9
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q17.5
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202177
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20221.5
employment rate2023q272.1
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202017.3

More on wikipedia wikidata Q36 on OpenStreetMap Poland slovensky: PL


demographic pyramid PL Poland based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q22.6
youth unemployment rate2023q211
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q26.9
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q20.6
share of long term unemployed2023q220.7
Unemployment according to labour offices
number of registered unemployedJuly 2023782 449
number of unemployed womenJuly 2023421 298
number of long-term unemployedJuly 2023304 125

Comparisson of unemployment according to ILO methodology and registered unemployment yeilds some differences.

number of unemployed, administrative vs. LFS data

Data on unemployment in counties of Poland are available at Local Administrative Units data of Visegrad countries.

unemployment in Poland akt/unemployment-share-poland-powiat-lau

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Poland

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 299.6
E: 113.5; U: 20.4; I: 165.7
P: 2604.2
E: 1728.1; U: 124.2; I: 751.9
P: 852.6
E: 699.9; U: 27.2; I: 125.5
Y30-39P: 267.9
E: 134.1; U: 14.4; I: 119.4
P: 2497.2
E: 2075.0; U: 70.3; I: 351.9
P: 2485.4
E: 2335.7; U: 27.0; I: 122.7
Y40-49P: 276.6
E: 157.3; U: 13.2; I: 106.1
P: 3093.1
E: 2651.5; U: 67.5; I: 374.1
P: 2107.4
E: 2005.7; U: 22.2; I: 79.5
Y50-59P: 351.1
E: 200.3; U: 10.2; I: 140.6
P: 2991.4
E: 2271.7; U: 55.1; I: 664.6
P: 938.9
E: 857.0; U: 6.3; I: 75.6
Y60-69P: 606.4
E: 85.4; U: 3.0; I: 518.0
P: 3533.5
E: 902.3; U: 15.2; I: 2616.0
P: 766.0
E: 316.2; U: 2.2; I: 447.6

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid PL 1996 Poland, population pyramid of Poland
number of inhabitants202237 654 247
population density2022122.9
old-age dependency ratio202128.5
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q21.9
aggregate replacement ratio20220.61
aggregate replacement ratio – females20220.58
life expectancy of a 50 year old202128
healty life expectancy at 50 years202117.6
demographic pyramid PL Poland

Employment by sectors, Poland

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A1375.38 %B-E3822.423 %
F1315.48 %G-I3772.523 %
J490.13 %K392.62 %
L161.61 %M_N1173.27 %
NRP79.10 %O-Q3557.921 %
R-U602.24 %TOTAL16 742100 %

Data for the period year 2022. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Poland, 2022

From Wikipedia:

Poland (Polish: Polska [ˈpɔlska] (listen)), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska] (listen)), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west.

The history of human activity on Polish soil spans almost 500,000 years. Throughout the Iron Age it became extensively diverse, with various cultures and tribes settling in what was then East Germania. However, it was the Western Polans who dominated the region and gave Poland its name. The establishment of the first Polish state can be traced to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity.

Other: Portugal, Poland

Neighbours: Lithuania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany


Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Poland – PL, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​en/projects/eu-regions/PL

ikona LAU1 dataset

Local Administrative Units data of Visegrad countries

Statistical data on LAU1 regions of Slovakia, Czechia, Poland, Hungary. This LAU1 dataset contains data on population, age structure of inhabitants, on number and structure of unemployed and is regularly updated.. . .