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Poland – PL

EU regions: Poland

map of Poland PL
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20210.796
public expenditure on active labour market policies20210.462
Life long learning
life long learning participation20238.7
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20234.6
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20231.7
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q412.3
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q439.7
percentage of workers usually working from home20235.4
percentage of part time workers2023q45.56
percentage of part time workers, men2023q43.34
percentage of part time workers, women2023q48.12
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q438.7
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202247.5
monthly minimum wage in €2024q1977.53
monthly minimum wage in PPS2024q11491.11
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202323 031
Gender differences
gender pay gap20227.8
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202364.8
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021115.95
gender gap in employment rate202385.99
gender gap in unemployment rate2023103.57
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education202313.2
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q413.3
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q49.1
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202279
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20232.1
employment rate202372.4
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202017.3

More on wikipedia wikidata Q36 on OpenStreetMap Poland slovensky: PL


demographic pyramid PL Poland based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate20232.9
youth unemployment rate202311.4
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q47.8
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment20230.8
share of long term unemployed202326.8
Unemployment according to labour offices
number of registered unemployedMarch 2024822 177
number of unemployed womenMarch 2024426 236
number of long-term unemployedMarch 2024305 504

Comparisson of unemployment according to ILO methodology and registered unemployment yeilds some differences.

number of unemployed, administrative vs. LFS data

Data on unemployment in counties of Poland are available at Local Administrative Units data of Visegrad countries.

unemployment in Poland akt/unemployment-share-poland-powiat-lau

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Poland

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 308.9
E: 119.5; U: 20.4; I: 169.0
P: 2706.4
E: 1776.4; U: 128.2; I: 801.8
P: 917.6
E: 754.1; U: 29.0; I: 134.5
Y30-39P: 274.0
E: 136.6; U: 14.6; I: 122.8
P: 2569.2
E: 2137.5; U: 72.6; I: 359.1
P: 2626.9
E: 2471.3; U: 28.2; I: 127.4
Y40-49P: 281.2
E: 160.1; U: 13.3; I: 107.8
P: 3154.6
E: 2705.1; U: 68.6; I: 380.9
P: 2160.9
E: 2057.0; U: 22.5; I: 81.4
Y50-59P: 358.2
E: 204.2; U: 10.5; I: 143.5
P: 3061.8
E: 2325.8; U: 56.5; I: 679.5
P: 964.1
E: 879.8; U: 6.6; I: 77.7
Y60-69P: 609.6
E: 86.0; U: 3.0; I: 520.6
P: 3552.3
E: 908.8; U: 15.3; I: 2628.2
P: 770.0
E: 318.5; U: 2.4; I: 449.1

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid PL 1996 Poland, population pyramid of Poland
number of inhabitants20233.6753736e+07
population density2022121.1
old-age dependency ratio202330.8
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q41.8
aggregate replacement ratio20220.61
aggregate replacement ratio – females20220.57
life expectancy of a 50 year old202128
healty life expectancy at 50 years202117.6
demographic pyramid PL Poland

Employment by sectors, Poland

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A1307.48 %B-E3787.222 %
F1311.28 %G-I3880.522 %
J636.84 %K451.83 %
L159.71 %M_N1278.47 %
NRP107.31 %O-Q3780.422 %
R-U605.94 %TOTAL17 307100 %

Data for the period year 2023. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Poland, 2023

From Wikipedia:

Poland (Polish: Polska [ˈpɔlska] (listen)), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska] (listen)), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west.

The history of human activity on Polish soil spans almost 500,000 years. Throughout the Iron Age it became extensively diverse, with various cultures and tribes settling in what was then East Germania. However, it was the Western Polans who dominated the region and gave Poland its name. The establishment of the first Polish state can be traced to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity.

Other: Poland, Portugal

Neighbours: Lithuania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany


Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Poland – PL, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PPL, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164

ikona LAU1 dataset

Local Administrative Units data of Visegrad countries

Statistical data on LAU1 regions of Slovakia, Czechia, Poland, Hungary. This LAU1 dataset on 733 regions contains data on population, age structure of inhabitants, on number and structure of unemployed and is regularly updated.. . .