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Germany – DE

EU regions: Germany

map of Germany DE
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20211.764
public expenditure on active labour market policies20210.266
Life long learning
life long learning participation20228.1
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20219.4
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20214.1
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q210.9
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q238.5
percentage of workers usually working from home202214.7
percentage of part time workers2023q228.62
percentage of part time workers, men2023q211.18
percentage of part time workers, women2023q248.08
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q251.6
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202345.4
monthly minimum wage in €2023q31997
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q31834.6
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202231 955
Gender differences
gender pay gap202117.6
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202249
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021108.67
gender gap in employment rate2023q291.35
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q287.5
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q28.3
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q24.2
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2004q27.1
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2022117
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20220.7
employment rate2023q277.5
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202021.6

More on wikipedia wikidata Q183 on OpenStreetMap Germany slovensky: DE

Subregions: Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia

demographic pyramid DE Germany based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q23
youth unemployment rate2023q26
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q26.3
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q20.9
share of long term unemployed2023q226.6

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Germany

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 2145.2
E: 1401.1; U: 129.3; I: 614.8
P: 4999.2
E: 3803.3; U: 144.6; I: 1051.3
P: 2154.3
E: 1841.6; U: 55.2; I: 257.5
Y30-39P: 1786.1
E: 1162.7; U: 100.3; I: 523.1
P: 5028.4
E: 4376.8; U: 131.5; I: 520.1
P: 4211.7
E: 3812.2; U: 88.0; I: 311.5
Y40-49P: 1814.4
E: 1275.3; U: 78.7; I: 460.4
P: 5007.0
E: 4470.0; U: 106.7; I: 430.3
P: 3264.9
E: 3018.0; U: 53.3; I: 193.6
Y50-59P: 2089.6
E: 1425.4; U: 64.5; I: 599.7
P: 7170.3
E: 6096.7; U: 128.8; I: 944.8
P: 3688.7
E: 3382.6; U: 53.0; I: 253.1
Y60-69P: 1869.6
E: 643.3; U: 25.6; I: 1200.7
P: 6152.2
E: 2548.3; U: 78.0; I: 3525.9
P: 3087.9
E: 1620.6; U: 35.7; I: 1431.6

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid DE 1996 Germany, population pyramid of Germany
number of inhabitants202283 237 124
population density2022235.5
old-age dependency ratio202234.7
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q22.4
aggregate replacement ratio20220.47
aggregate replacement ratio – females20220.52
life expectancy of a 50 year old202132.3
healty life expectancy at 50 years202120.4
demographic pyramid DE Germany

Employment by sectors, Germany

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A527.31 %B-E8796.121 %
F2626.66 %G-I8800.821 %
J1670.54 %K1311.43 %
L394.91 %M_N4337.610 %
NRP13.90 %O-Q11 85728 %
R-U2192.75 %TOTAL42 529100 %

Data for the period year 2022. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Germany, 2022

From Wikipedia:

Germany (German: Deutschland, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, listen ), is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres (137,988 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying entirely in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a very decentralised country. Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen. The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Bremen, Dresden, Hanover, and Nuremberg.

Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before AD 100.

Other: Germany, Denmark

Neighbours: Netherlands, Poland, Denmark, Austria, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Belgium, France, Luxembourg

Subregions: Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Germany – DE, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​en/projects/eu-regions/DE