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Hesse - DE7

EU regions: Germany > Hesse

map of Hesse DE7
flag of Hesse DE7 coat of arms Hesse DE7
unemployment rate20204
employment rate202074.9
number of inhabitants20206 288 080
population density2019298.4
life long learning participation20208.9
old-age dependency ratio202031.9
gender gap in employment rate202091.56

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demographic pyramid DE7 1996 Hesse demographic pyramid DE7 Hesse

From wikipedia:

Hesse (, also US: , Hessian dialect: [ˈhɛzə]) or Hessia (UK: , US: ; German: Hessen [ˈhɛsn̩] (listen)), officially the State of Hesse (German: Land Hessen), is a federal state (Land) of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants. Its state capital is Wiesbaden and the largest city is Frankfurt am Main.

As a cultural region, Hesse also includes the area known as Rhenish Hesse (Rheinhessen) in the neighbouring state of Rhineland-Palatinate.


The German name Hessen, like the name of other German regions (Schwaben „Swabia“, Franken „Franconia“, Bayern „Bavaria“, Sachsen „Saxony") is derived from the dative plural form of the name of the inhabitants or eponymous tribe, the Hessians (Hessen, singular Hesse), short for the older compound name Hessenland ("land of the Hessians"). The Old High German form of the name is recorded as Hessun (dative plural of Hessi), in Middle Latin as Hassia, Hessia, Hassonia. The name of the Hessians ultimately continues the tribal name of the Chatti.

The ancient name Chatti by the 7th century is recorded as Chassi, and from the 8th century as Hassi or Hessi.

An inhabitant of Hesse is called a "Hessian" (German: Hesse (masculine) or Hessin (feminine), plural Hessen).

The American English term Hessian for 18th-century British auxiliary troops originates with Landgrave Frederick II of Hesse-Cassel hiring out regular army units to the government of Great Britain to fight in the American Revolutionary War.

The English form Hesse is in common use by the 18th century, first in the hyphenated names Hesse-Cassel and Hesse-Darmstadt, but the latinate form Hessia remains in common English usage well into the 19th century.

The German term Hessen is used by the European Commission even in English-language contexts because their policy is to leave regional names untranslated (paragraphs 1.31 and 1.35).

The synthetic element hassium, number 108 on the periodic table, was named after the state of Hesse in 1997, following a proposal of 1992.


The territory of Hesse was delineated only in 1945, as Greater Hesse, under American occupation. It corresponds only loosely to the medieval Landgraviate of Hesse.

other: Germany, SACHSEN-ANHALT, THÜRINGEN, MECKLENBURG-VORPOMMERN, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saxony, Baden-Württemberg, BRANDENBURG, Rhineland-Palatinate, Lower Saxony, Bavaria, SAARLAND, SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN, BREMEN, BERLIN, HAMBURG, Hesse

neighbours: Lower Saxony, Baden-Württemberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, THÜRINGEN, Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate

subregions: Darmstadt Government Region, Giessen Government Region, Kassel Government Region


Current statistics

August 2021: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 217147, of which 96156 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 8.0 % (3.6 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Revúca 22.8 % (13.9 %), Rimavská Sobota 22.1 % (13.8 %), Kežmarok 18.7 % (10.3 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Hlohovec 4.1 %, Nitra 4.1 %, Piešťany 4.1 %, Bratislava V 4.2 %, Trenčín 4.2 %