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Latvia - LV

EU regions: Latvia

map of Latvia LV
flag of Latvia LV coat of arms Latvia LV
long term unemployment2022q31.7
share of long term unemployed2022q326.6
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202070
unemployment rate2022q37.1
employment rate2022q372
number of inhabitants20211 893 223
population density201930.2
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20200.655
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.098
working hours on full time job2022q340.1
percentage of workers usually working from home202111.2
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20219.1
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2022q33.2
percentage of part time workers2022q36.1
percentage of part time workers, men2022q33.91
percentage of part time workers, women2022q38.26
gender pay gap202022.3
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202164.2
life long learning participation20218.6
youth unemployment rate2022q317.7
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2022q325.8
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2022q318.9
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2013q326.7
unemployment rate of low educated people2022q317.1
unemployment rate – over 55 years2022q36.1
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202026
aggregate replacement ratio20210.42
aggregate replacement ratio – females20210.46
old-age dependency ratio202132.9
gender gap in employment rate2022q396.19
gender gap in unemployment rate2022q388
share of salaries on GDP2022q344.1
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20210.5
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202141.6
monthly minimum wage in €2022q3500
monthly minimum wage in PPS2022q3630.13
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202114 251

* Latvia slovensky: LV

demographic pyramid LV Latvia based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Latvia

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 20.3
E: 10.8; U: 3.4; I: 6.1
P: 118.8
E: 78.9; U: 10.1; I: 29.8
P: 50.8
E: 39.4; U: 4.7; I: 6.7
Y30-39P: 26.7
E: 17.8; U: 3.4; I: 5.5
P: 113.9
E: 91.0; U: 8.7; I: 14.2
P: 125.5
E: 111.3; U: 5.1; I: 9.1
Y40-49P: 28.7
E: 19.8; U: 3.5; I: 5.4
P: 126.1
E: 104.8; U: 8.2; I: 13.1
P: 97.0
E: 87.6; U: 4.3; I: 5.1
Y50-59P: 11.9
E: 6.3; U: 1.9; I: 3.7
P: 165.7
E: 125.0; U: 13.0; I: 27.7
P: 83.4
E: 74.8; U: 3.3; I: 5.3
Y60-69P: 18.7
E: 5.3; U: 0.6; I: 12.8
P: 151.8
E: 64.2; U: 4.5; I: 83.1
P: 70.5
E: 41.2; U: 1.8; I: 27.5

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid LV 1996 Latvia, population pyramid of Latvia demographic pyramid LV Latvia

Employment by sectors, Latvia

NRP2.30 %
J35.94 %
R-U43.25 %
F72.38 %
K17.72 %
O-Q205.524 %
A58.97 %
B-E131.615 %
M_N58.77 %
TOTAL869.5100 %
L18.22 %
G-I225.226 %

za 2021, tabulka='lfst_r_lfe2en2' and tags->'age'='Y_GE15' and tags->'sex'='T'

Employment by sectors, Latvia, 2021From wikipedia:

Latvia ( or (listen); Latvian: Latvija [ˈlatvija], Livonian: Lețmō), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Republika, Livonian: Lețmō Vabāmō), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. Since its independence, Latvia has been referred to as one of the Baltic states. It is bordered by Estonia to the north, Lithuania to the south, Russia to the east, and Belarus to the southeast, and shares a maritime border with Sweden to the west. Latvia has 1,957,200 inhabitants and a territory of 64,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi). The country has a temperate seasonal climate.

After centuries of Swedish, Polish and Russian rule, a rule mainly executed by the Baltic German aristocracy, the Republic of Latvia was established on 18 November 1918 when it broke away and declared independence in the aftermath of World War I. However, by the 1930s the country became increasingly autocratic after the coup in 1934 establishing an authoritarian regime under Kārlis Ulmanis. The country's de facto independence was interrupted at the outset of World War II, beginning with Latvia's forcible incorporation into the Soviet Union, followed by the invasion and occupation by Nazi Germany in 1941, and the re-occupation by the Soviets in 1944 (Courland Pocket in 1945) to form the Latvian SSR for the next 45 years.

The peaceful Singing Revolution, starting in 1987, called for Baltic emancipation from Soviet rule and condemning the Communist regime's illegal takeover. It ended with the Declaration on the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia on 4 May 1990, and restoring de facto independence on 21 August 1991. Latvia is a democratic sovereign state, parliamentary republic and a very highly developed country according to the United Nations Human Development Index. Its capital Riga served as the European Capital of Culture in 2014.


neighbours: Estonia, LIETUVA

subregions: LATVIJA

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Latvia - LV, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/LV


Current statistics

December 2022: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 178143, of which 73275 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 6.6 % (2.7 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 20.8 % (13.0 %), Revúca 20.1 % (12.3 %), Kežmarok 18.0 % (8.9 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Bratislava V 2.6 %, Trenčín 2.8 %, Ilava 2.8 %, Bratislava I 3.0 %, Nitra 3.1 %