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Turkey – TR

EU regions: Turkey

map of Turkey TR
Life long learning
life long learning participation20237.4
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202122.1
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20213.6
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q48.5
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q446.6
percentage of workers usually working from home20222.9
percentage of part time workers2023q49.29
percentage of part time workers, men20236.34
percentage of part time workers, women2023q415
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q426.2
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services201854.2
monthly minimum wage in €2024q1612.58
monthly minimum wage in PPS2024q1892.58
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202331 866
Gender differences
gender pay gap2014-1.3
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202225.3
gender gap in employment rate202349.37
gender gap in unemployment rate2023164.94
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q412.1
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q416
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q422
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202267
employment rate202353.8
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202041.5

More on wikipedia wikidata Q43 on OpenStreetMap Turkey slovensky: TR

Subregions: Istanbul Region (statistical), West Marmara Region, Aegean Region (statistical), East Marmara Region (statistical), West Anatolia Region (statistical), Mediterranean Region (statistical), Central Anatolia Region (statistical), West Black Sea Region (statistical), East Black Sea Region (statistical), Northeast Anatolia Region (statistical), Central East Anatolia Region (statistical), Southeast Anatolia Region (statistical)


unemployment rate2023q48.8
youth unemployment rate2023q415.7
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q47.7
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q41.9
share of long term unemployed202321.6

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Turkey

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 3563.5
E: 1757.2; U: 327.8; I: 1478.5
P: 4580.7
E: 2372.0; U: 480.2; I: 1728.5
P: 4043.3
E: 2544.6; U: 653.2; I: 845.5
Y30-39P: 5311.5
E: 2891.9; U: 328.5; I: 2091.1
P: 3075.6
E: 2070.0; U: 223.3; I: 782.3
P: 4159.9
E: 3260.1; U: 284.0; I: 615.8
Y40-49P: 7522.9
E: 4349.2; U: 364.1; I: 2809.6
P: 2504.1
E: 1789.2; U: 138.0; I: 576.9
P: 2185.9
E: 1806.3; U: 103.9; I: 275.7
Y50-59P: 7102.9
E: 3150.1; U: 241.9; I: 3710.9
P: 1354.9
E: 648.5; U: 54.6; I: 651.8
P: 1080.1
E: 679.6; U: 37.0; I: 363.5
Y60-69P: 5420.5
E: 1265.7; U: 63.0; I: 4091.8
P: 840.9
E: 194.9; U: 13.6; I: 632.4
P: 628.6
E: 182.4; U: 13.2; I: 433.0

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid TR 1996 Turkey, population pyramid of Turkey
number of inhabitants20238.527955e+07
population density2022110.9
old-age dependency ratio202314.5
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q45.5
aggregate replacement ratio20211.1
aggregate replacement ratio – females202122.16
demographic pyramid TR Turkey

Employment by sectors, Turkey

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A4627.915 %B-E6730.621 %
F1990.46 %G-I7909.925 %
J3131 %K337.61 %
L360.41 %M_N2107.87 %
O-Q6057.119 %R-U1170.74 %
TOTAL31 605100 %

Data for the period year 2023. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Turkey, 2023

From Wikipedia:

Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti] (listen)), is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles (collectively called the Turkish Straits). Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city while Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

At various points in its history, the region has been inhabited by diverse civilizations including the Assyrians, Greeks, Thracians, Phrygians, Urartians, and Armenians. Hellenization started during the era of Alexander the Great and continued into the Byzantine era. The Seljuk Turks began migrating into the area in the 11th century, and their victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 symbolizes the start and foundation of Turkey. The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, when it disintegrated into small Turkish principalities.

Other: Turkey

Neighbours: Bulgaria, Greece

Subregions: Istanbul Region (statistical), West Marmara Region, Aegean Region (statistical), East Marmara Region (statistical), West Anatolia Region (statistical), Mediterranean Region (statistical), Central Anatolia Region (statistical), West Black Sea Region (statistical), East Black Sea Region (statistical), Northeast Anatolia Region (statistical), Central East Anatolia Region (statistical), Southeast Anatolia Region (statistical)

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Turkey – TR, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PTR, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164