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Romania - RO

EU regions: Romania

map of Romania RO
flag of Romania RO coat of arms Romania RO
long term unemployment2022q42
share of long term unemployed2022q440.7
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202174
unemployment rate2022q45.8
employment rate2022q462.8
number of inhabitants202119 201 662
population density201982.7
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20200.104
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.034
working hours on full time job2022q439.8
percentage of workers usually working from home20212.4
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20218.5
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20215.4
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2022q41.9
gender pay gap20213.6
life long learning participation20214.9
youth unemployment rate2022q422.7
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2022q428.5
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2022q420.4
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2022q422.9
unemployment rate of low educated people2022q415.9
unemployment rate – over 55 years2022q43.4
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202030.4
aggregate replacement ratio20210.38
aggregate replacement ratio – females20210.37
old-age dependency ratio202129.7
gender gap in employment rate2022q476.76
gender gap in unemployment rate2022q482.54
share of salaries on GDP2022q430.7
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20211.3
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202148.3
monthly minimum wage in €2023q1606.12
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q11109.45
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202115 530

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q218 * Romania slovensky: RO

demographic pyramid RO Romania based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Romania

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 371.6
E: 204.1; U: 28.9; I: 138.6
P: 1372.8
E: 762.0; U: 90.6; I: 520.2
P: 306.4
E: 245.2; U: 15.2; I: 46.0
Y30-39P: 555.6
E: 331.3; U: 36.5; I: 187.8
P: 1412.9
E: 1170.7; U: 53.7; I: 188.5
P: 710.7
E: 662.6; U: 12.8; I: 35.3
Y40-49P: 541.9
E: 356.2; U: 27.8; I: 157.9
P: 1871.9
E: 1572.8; U: 66.0; I: 233.1
P: 596.6
E: 576.0; U: 6.9; I: 13.7
Y50-59P: 437.6
E: 245.6; U: 15.2; I: 176.8
P: 1810.8
E: 1363.2; U: 43.7; I: 403.9
P: 311.3
E: 279.3; U: 4.8; I: 27.2
Y60-69P: 765.4
E: 197.2; U: 4.8; I: 563.4
P: 1511.8
E: 331.6; U: 8.7; I: 1171.5
P: 212.2
E: 61.3; U: 1.9; I: 149.0

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid RO 1996 Romania, population pyramid of Romania demographic pyramid RO Romania

Employment by sectors, Romania

A911.412 %
B-E1791.123 %
F763.810 %
G-I211027 %
J198.43 %
K1061 %
L18.20 %
M_N423.25 %
O-Q1209.516 %
R-U223.73 %
TOTAL7755.5100 %

za 2021, tabulka='lfst_r_lfe2en2' and tags->'age'='Y_GE15' and tags->'sex'='T'

Employment by sectors, Romania, 2021From wikipedia:

Romania ( (listen) ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a] (listen)) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi), Romania is the 12th largest country and also the 7th most populous member state of the European Union, having almost 20 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, and Brașov.

The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a general southeast direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2,544 m (8,346 ft).

Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Following World War I after declaring its neutrality in 1914, when Romania fought on the side of the Allied powers starting with 1916, Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, and Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. In June–August 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and Second Vienna Award, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, and Northern Transylvania to Hungary.

other: Romania, Serbia

neighbours: Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary

subregions: Macroregiunea Unu, Macroregiunea Doi, Macroregiunea Trei, Macroregiunea Patru

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Romania - RO, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/RO