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Hungary - HU

EU regions: Hungary

map of Hungary HU
unemployment rate2022q43.9
youth unemployment rate2022q411
unemployment rate of low educated people2022q413.4
gender gap in unemployment rate2022q495
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2022q41.2
share of long term unemployed2022q434.2
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20200.964
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.536
Life long learning
life long learning participation20227.9
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20215.3
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20214.8
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2022q44.7
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2022q438.9
percentage of workers usually working from home20222.9
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q145
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202140.5
monthly minimum wage in €2023q1578.74
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q1947.91
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202217 194
number of inhabitants20229 689 010
population density2022106.4
old-age dependency ratio202231.7
Gender differences
gender pay gap202117.3
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202251.6
gender gap in employment rate2022q489.09
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2022q424.9
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2022q48
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2022q38.3
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202175
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20222.8
employment rate2022q474.5
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202017.8
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2022q43.1
aggregate replacement ratio20220.48
aggregate replacement ratio – females20220.5

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q28 * Hungary slovensky: HU

demographic pyramid HU Hungary based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Hungary

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 164.9
E: 85.2; U: 16.2; I: 63.5
P: 694.2
E: 451.8; U: 23.8; I: 218.6
P: 214.9
E: 185.1; U: 6.4; I: 23.4
Y30-39P: 144.7
E: 93.1; U: 13.2; I: 38.4
P: 639.7
E: 568.1; U: 19.0; I: 52.6
P: 442.2
E: 420.2; U: 6.0; I: 16.0
Y40-49P: 185.3
E: 129.6; U: 13.0; I: 42.7
P: 876.4
E: 798.2; U: 20.4; I: 57.8
P: 494.1
E: 475.7; U: 4.3; I: 14.1
Y50-59P: 168.8
E: 103.1; U: 10.7; I: 55.0
P: 795.9
E: 680.3; U: 19.1; I: 96.5
P: 300.7
E: 282.2; U: 3.0; I: 15.5
Y60-69P: 210.6
E: 33.3; U: 3.2; I: 174.1
P: 745.3
E: 231.0; U: 7.2; I: 507.1
P: 255.1
E: 105.6; U: 1.8; I: 147.7

note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid HU 1996 Hungary, population pyramid of Hungary demographic pyramid HU Hungary

Data on unemployment in counties járás of Hungaria are available at Local Administrative Units data of Visegrad countries.

unemployment in jaras of Hungary akt/unemployment-share-hungary-jaras-lau

Employment by sectors, Hungary

A205.44 %
B-E1092.823 %
F383.78 %
G-I1071.423 %
J167.34 %
K99.22 %
L36.61 %
M_N364.98 %
O-Q108923 %
R-U198.74 %
TOTAL4709100 %

za 2022, zdroj Eurostat, tabuľka [lfst_r_lfe2en2]

Employment by sectors, Hungary, 2022From wikipedia:

Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ] (listen)) is a country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) in the Carpathian Basin, it borders Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world, and among the few non-Indo-European languages to be widely spoken in Europe. Hungary's capital and largest city is Budapest; other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.

The territory of modern Hungary was for centuries inhabited by a succession of peoples, including Celts, Romans, Germanic tribes, Huns, West Slavs and the Avars. The foundations of the Hungarian state were established in the late ninth century CE by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád following the conquest of the Carpathian Basin. His great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting his realm to a Christian kingdom. By the 12th century, Hungary became a regional power, reaching its cultural and political height in the 15th century. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Hungary was partially occupied by the Ottoman Empire (1541 –1699).

other: Hungary, Croatia

neighbours: Slovenia, Serbia, Romania, Croatia, Slovakia, Austria

subregions: Central Hungary, Transdanubia, Great Plain and North

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Hungary - HU, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/HU