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Hungary – HU

EU regions: Hungary

map of Hungary HU
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20210.537
public expenditure on active labour market policies20210.28
Life long learning
life long learning participation20227.9
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday20215.3
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20214.8
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q24.5
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q238
percentage of workers usually working from home20222.9
percentage of part time workers2023q23.91
percentage of part time workers, men2023q22.16
percentage of part time workers, women2023q25.87
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q239.5
minimum monthly was as aproportion of average monthly earnings in industry and services202242.1
monthly minimum wage in €2023q3623.77
monthly minimum wage in PPS2023q3886.82
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202217 194
Gender differences
gender pay gap202117.3
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202251.6
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021111.46
gender gap in employment rate2023q289.24
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q292.68
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q226
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q210.5
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2022q38.3
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202175
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20222.8
employment rate2023q274.7
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202017.8

More on wikipedia wikidata Q28 on OpenStreetMap Hungary slovensky: HU

Subregions: Central Hungary, Transdanubia, Great Plain and North

demographic pyramid HU Hungary based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q23.9
youth unemployment rate2023q213.9
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q213.1
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q21.4
share of long term unemployed2023q234.9
Unemployment according to labour offices
number of registered unemployedJuly 2023227 341
number of unemployed womenJuly 2023119 022

Comparisson of unemployment according to ILO methodology and registered unemployment yeilds some differences.

number of unemployed, administrative vs. LFS data

Data on unemployment in counties of Hungary are available at Local Administrative Units data of Visegrad countries.

unemployment in Hungary akt/unemployment-share-hungary-jaras-lau

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Hungary

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 164.9
E: 85.2; U: 16.2; I: 63.5
P: 694.2
E: 451.8; U: 23.8; I: 218.6
P: 214.9
E: 185.1; U: 6.4; I: 23.4
Y30-39P: 144.7
E: 93.1; U: 13.2; I: 38.4
P: 639.7
E: 568.1; U: 19.0; I: 52.6
P: 442.2
E: 420.2; U: 6.0; I: 16.0
Y40-49P: 185.3
E: 129.6; U: 13.0; I: 42.7
P: 876.4
E: 798.2; U: 20.4; I: 57.8
P: 494.1
E: 475.7; U: 4.3; I: 14.1
Y50-59P: 168.8
E: 103.1; U: 10.7; I: 55.0
P: 795.9
E: 680.3; U: 19.1; I: 96.5
P: 300.7
E: 282.2; U: 3.0; I: 15.5
Y60-69P: 210.6
E: 33.3; U: 3.2; I: 174.1
P: 745.3
E: 231.0; U: 7.2; I: 507.1
P: 255.1
E: 105.6; U: 1.8; I: 147.7

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid HU 1996 Hungary, population pyramid of Hungary
number of inhabitants20229 689 010
population density2022106.4
old-age dependency ratio202231.7
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q22.8
aggregate replacement ratio20220.53
aggregate replacement ratio – females20220.53
life expectancy of a 50 year old202126.4
healty life expectancy at 50 years202116.6
demographic pyramid HU Hungary

Employment by sectors, Hungary

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A205.44 %B-E1092.823 %
F383.78 %G-I1071.423 %
J167.34 %K99.22 %
L36.61 %M_N364.98 %
O-Q108923 %R-U198.74 %
TOTAL4709100 %

Data for the period year 2022. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Hungary, 2022

From Wikipedia:

Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ] (listen)) is a country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) in the Carpathian Basin, it borders Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world, and among the few non-Indo-European languages to be widely spoken in Europe. Hungary's capital and largest city is Budapest; other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.

The territory of modern Hungary was for centuries inhabited by a succession of peoples, including Celts, Romans, Germanic tribes, Huns, West Slavs and the Avars. The foundations of the Hungarian state were established in the late ninth century CE by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád following the conquest of the Carpathian Basin. His great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting his realm to a Christian kingdom. By the 12th century, Hungary became a regional power, reaching its cultural and political height in the 15th century. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Hungary was partially occupied by the Ottoman Empire (1541–1699).

Other: Croatia, Hungary

Neighbours: Slovenia, Serbia, Romania, Croatia, Slovakia, Austria

Subregions: Central Hungary, Transdanubia, Great Plain and North

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Hungary – HU, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​en/projects/eu-regions/HU

ikona LAU1 dataset

Local Administrative Units data of Visegrad countries

Statistical data on LAU1 regions of Slovakia, Czechia, Poland, Hungary. This LAU1 dataset contains data on population, age structure of inhabitants, on number and structure of unemployed and is regularly updated.. . .