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Kymenlaakso – FI1C4

EU regions: Finland > Mainland Finland > Southern Finland > Kymenlaakso

map of Kymenlaakso FI1C4
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2021105

Kymenlaakso slovensky: FI1C4


number of inhabitants2023165 992
population density202232.4
old-age dependency ratio202351.8
demographic pyramid FI1C4 Kymenlaakso

From Wikipedia : Kymenlaakso (literally Kymi Valley) (Swedish: Kymmenedalen) is a region in Finland. It borders the regions of Uusimaa, Päijät-Häme, South Savo and South Karelia and Russia (Leningrad Oblast). Its name means literally The Valley of River Kymijoki. Kymijoki is one of the biggest rivers in Finland with a drainage basin with 11 % of the area of Finland. The city of Kotka with 55,000 inhabitants is located at the delta of River Kymijoki and has the most important import harbour in Finland. Other cities are Kouvola further in the inland which has after a municipal merger 88,000 inhabitants and the old bastion town Hamina.

Kymenlaakso was one of the first industrialized regions of Finland. It became the most important region for paper and pulp industry in Finland. Since the late 1900s many plants have closed, which has caused some deindustrialization, unemployment and population decline in Kymenlaakso, especially in those communes that were built around plants such as Myllykoski in Kouvola.

Historical provinces

For history, geography and culture see: Uusimaa, Karelia and Tavastia


The region of Kymenlaakso is made up of seven municipalities, of which three have city status (marked in bold).

Other: Southern Finland, Southwest Finland, Kanta-Häme, South Karelia, Päijänne Tavastia, Kymenlaakso

Neighbours: Päijänne Tavastia, South Karelia, Southern Savonia, Helsinki

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Kymenlaakso – FI1C4, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PFI1C4, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164