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Delfzijl – NL112

EU regions: Netherlands > Northern Netherlands > Groningen > Delfzijl

map of Delfzijl NL112
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2021107

More on wikipedia wikidata Q322986 on OpenStreetMap Delfzijl slovensky: NL112


number of inhabitants202345 394
population density2022167.5
old-age dependency ratio202342.7
demographic pyramid NL112 Delfzijl

From Wikipedia: Delfzijl (Dutch pronunciation: [dɛlfˈsɛil] (listen); Gronings: Delfsiel) is a city and municipality with a population of 25,651 in the province of Groningen in the northeast of the Netherlands. Delfzijl was a sluice between the Delf and the Ems, which became fortified settlement in the 16th century. The fortifications were removed in the late 19th century. Delfzijl is the fifth largest seaport in the Netherlands, and the largest port in the North East of the country.


The name Delfzijl means 'sluice of the Delf'. The Delf was a canal connecting the rivers Fivel and Ems, and is now part of the Damsterdiep. The Dutch verb delven means 'to delve' or 'to dig' and the Dutch noun zijl means 'water outlet' or 'sluice'.


Delfzijl was established at the location where three sluices (Dutch: zijlen) were connected. In 1317, a sluice was built in the Delf, a canal which is now part of the Damsterdiep. Delfzijl has been the main sea port of Groningen since medieval times.

In 1580, a square sconce and a church were built in Delfzijl. Fortification was expanded with six bastions in 1591.

Other: Groningen, Overig Groningen, Delfzijl, Oost-Groningen

Neighbours: Overig Groningen, Oost-Groningen

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Delfzijl – NL112, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PNL112, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164