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Biscay - ES213

EU regions: Spain > Noreste > Basque Autonomous Community > Biscay


map of Biscay ES213
flag of Biscay ES213 coat of arms Biscay ES213
indicatorperiodvalue
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2019112
number of inhabitants20211 139 871
population density2019517
old-age dependency ratio202137.2

* more on wikidata Q93366 * on OpenStreetMap * Biscay slovensky: ES213

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Biscay

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid ES213 Biscay

From wikipedia:

Biscay (; Basque: Bizkaia [bis̻kai.a]; Spanish: Vizcaya [biθˈkaʝa]) is a province of Spain located just south of the eponymous bay. The name also refers to a historical territory of the Basque Country, heir of the ancient Lordship of Biscay. Its capital city is Bilbao. It is one of the most prosperous and important provinces of Spain as a result of the massive industrialization in the last years of the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. Since the deep deindustrialization of the 1970s, the economy has come to rely more on the services sector.

Etymology

It is accepted in linguistics (Koldo Mitxelena, etc.) that Bizkaia is a cognate of bizkar (cf. Biscarrosse in Aquitaine), with both place-name variants well attested in the whole Basque Country and out meaning 'low ridge' or 'prominence' (Iheldo bizchaya attested in 1141 for the Monte Igueldo in San Sebastián).

Denominations

Bizkaia

Bizkaia is the official name, and it is used on official documents. It is also the most used denomination by the media in Spanish in the Basque Country. It is also the denomination used in the Basque version of the Spanish constitution and in the Basque version of the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country. Bizkaia is the only official denomination in Spanish or Basque approved for the historical territory by the General Council of the province and the Spanish laws.

other: Basque Autonomous Community, Biscay, Gipuzkoa, Araba / Álava

neighbours: Gipuzkoa, Araba / Álava, Burgos Province, Cantabria

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Biscay - ES213, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/ES213


https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/ES213

Current statistics

May 2022: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 188886, of which 85552 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 7.0 % (3.2 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 21.5 % (13.9 %), Revúca 20.8 % (13.5 %), Kežmarok 18.5 % (9.8 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Bratislava V 2.8 %, Trenčín 2.9 %, Ilava 3.1 %, Bratislava I 3.3 %, Nitra 3.3 %