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Araba / Álava - ES211

EU regions: Spain > NORESTE > Basque Country > Araba / Álava


map of Araba / Álava ES211
flag of Araba / Álava ES211 coat of arms Araba / Álava ES211
indicatorperiodvalue
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2016137
number of inhabitants2018325 739
population density2017107.8
old-age dependency ratio201832.5

* Araba/Álava slovensky: ES211

demographic pyramid ES211 Araba / Álava

From wikipedia:

Álava (IPA: [ˈalaβa] in Spanish) or Araba (IPA: [aˈɾaba] in Basque, dialectal: [aˈɾaβa]), officially Araba/Álava, is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the Basque Country, heir of the ancient Lordship of Álava, former medieval Catholic bishopric and now Latin titular see.

Its capital city, Vitoria-Gasteiz, is also the seat of the political main institutions of the autonomous community. It borders the Basque provinces of Biscay and Gipuzkoa to the north, the community of La Rioja to the south, the province of Burgos (in the community of Castile and León) to the west and the community of Navarre to the east. The Enclave of Treviño, surrounded by Alavese territory, is however part of the province of Burgos, thus belonging to the autonomous community of Castile and León, not Álava.

It is the largest of the three provinces in the Basque Autonomous Community in geographical terms, with 2,963 km2, but also the least populated with 328,868 inhabitants (2018).

Etymology

Built around the Roman mansion Alba located on the road ab Asturica Burdigalam (possibly the current village of Albéniz near Agurain), it has sometimes been argued the name may stem from that landmark. However, according to the Royal Academy of the Basque Language, the origin may be another: The name is first found on Muslim chronicles of the 8th century referring to the Alavese Plains (Spanish Llanada Alavesa, Basque Arabako Lautada), laua in old Basque (currently lautada) with the Arab article added (al + laua), developing into Spanish Álava and Basque Araba (a typical development of l to r between vowels).

Demography and rural landscape

The province numbers 51 municipalities, a population of 315,525 inhabitants in an area of 3,037 km2 (1,173 sq mi), with an average of 104.50 inhabitants/km2. The vast majority of the population clusters in the capital city of Álava, Vitoria-Gasteiz, which also serves as the capital of the Autonomous Community, but the remainder of the territory is sparsely inhabited with population nuclei distributed into seven counties (kuadrillak or cuadrillas): Añana; Ayala; Campezo; Laguardia; Salvatierra; Vitoria-Gasteiz; Zuya.

Physical and human geography

Álava is an inland territory and features a largely transitional climate between the humid, Atlantic neighbouring northern provinces and the dry and warmer lands south of the Ebro River.

other: Basque Country, Araba / Álava, Gipuzkoa, Biscay

neighbours: Navarre, Gipuzkoa, Biscay, La Rioja, Burgos Province


https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/ES211

Current statistics

August 2019: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 166241, of which 58827 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 6.0% (2.1% long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 19.1% (11.1%), Revúca 18.1% (9.4%), Kežmarok 16.4% (7.5%), Vranov nad Topľou 14.5% (7.0%), Rožňava 14.4% (8.0%)

Lowest unemployment:: Bratislava V 2.4%, Trenčín 2.5%, Nitra 2.7%, Hlohovec 2.8%, Piešťany 2.8%