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Østfold – NO031

EU regions: Norway > Norway > Sør-Østlandet > Østfold

map of Østfold NO031

More on wikipedia wikidata Q50614 on OpenStreetMap Østfold slovensky: NO031


number of inhabitants2020300 112
population density202076.3
old-age dependency ratio202030.7
demographic pyramid NO031 Østfold

From Wikipedia: Østfold [²œstfɔl] (listen) is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord. The county's administrative seat is Sarpsborg.

Many manufacturing facilities are situated here, such as the world's most advanced biorefinery, Borregaard in Sarpsborg. Fredrikstad has shipyards. There are granite mines in Østfold and stone from these were used by Gustav Vigeland.

The county slogan is „The heartland of Scandinavia“. The local dialect is characterized by its geographical proximity to Sweden.

The name

The old name of the Oslofjord was Fold; Østfold means 'the region east of the Fold' (see also Vestfold). The name was first recorded in 1543; in the Middle Ages the name of the county was Borgarsysla 'the county/sýsla of the city Borg (now Sarpsborg)'. Later, when Norway was under Danish rule, the Danish king divided the area into many baronies.

Other: Sør-Østlandet, Vestfold, Østfold, Telemark, Buskerud

Neighbours: Akershus, Värmland County, Västra Götaland County

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Østfold – NO031, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PNO031, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164