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Aargau – CH033

EU regions: Switzerland > SCHWEIZ/SUISSE/SVIZZERA > Northwestern Switzerland > Aargau

map of Aargau CH033
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2019119

More on wikipedia wikidata Q11972 on OpenStreetMap Aargau slovensky: CH033


number of inhabitants2023711 232
population density2022511.7
old-age dependency ratio202328.5
demographic pyramid CH033 Aargau

From Wikipedia:

Aargau (German: Kanton Aargau [ˈaːrɡaʊ] (listen); sometimes Latinized as Argovia; see also other names), more formally the Canton of Aargau, is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of eleven districts and its capital is Aarau.

Aargau is one of the most northerly cantons of Switzerland. It is situated by the lower course of the Aare River, which is why the canton is called Aar-gau (meaning „Aare province"). It is one of the most densely populated regions of Switzerland.


Early history

The area of Aargau and the surrounding areas were controlled by the Helvetians, a member of the Celts, as far back as 200 BC. It was eventually occupied by the Romans and then by the 6th century, the Franks. The Romans built a major settlement called Vindonissa, near the present location of Brugg.

Medieval Aargau

The reconstructed Old High German name of Aargau is Argowe, first unambiguously attested (in the spelling Argue) in 795. The term described a territory only loosely equivalent to that of the modern canton, including the region between Aare and Reuss rivers, including Pilatus and Napf, i.e. including parts of the modern cantons of Bern (Bernese Aargau, Emmental, parts of the Bernese Oberland), Solothurn, Basel-Landschaft, Lucerne, Obwalden and Nidwalden, but not the parts of the modern canton east of the Reuss (Baden District), which were part of Zürichgau.

Within the Frankish Empire (8th to 10th centuries), the area was a disputed border region between the duchies of Alamannia and Burgundy. A line of the von Wetterau (Conradines) intermittently held the countship of Aargau from 750 until about 1030, when they lost it (having in the meantime taken the name von Tegerfelden).

Other: Northwestern Switzerland, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft, Aargau

Neighbours: Basel-Landschaft, Bern, Zug, Solothurn, Canton of Zürich, Lörrach, Waldshut, Lucerne

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Aargau – CH033, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PCH033, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164