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Gelsenkirchen – DEA32

EU regions: Germany > North Rhine-Westphalia > Münster Government Region > Gelsenkirchen

map of Gelsenkirchen DEA32
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202194

More on wikipedia wikidata Q2765 on OpenStreetMap Gelsenkirchen slovensky: DEA32


number of inhabitants2023263 000
population density20222491.1
old-age dependency ratio202332.6
demographic pyramid DEA32 Gelsenkirchen

From Wikipedia:

Gelsenkirchen (UK: , US: , German: [ˌɡɛlzn̩ˈkɪʁçn̩] (listen); Westphalian: Gelsenkiärken) is the 11th largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and its 262,528 (2016) inhabitants make it the 25th largest city of Germany. On the Emscher River (a tributary of the Rhine), it lies at the centre of the Ruhr, the largest urban area of Germany, of which it is the fifth largest city after Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg and Bochum. The Ruhr is located in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, one of Europe's largest urban areas. Gelsenkirchen is the fifth largest city of Westphalia after Dortmund, Bochum, Bielefeld and Münster, and it is one of the southernmost cities in the Low German dialect area. The city is home to the famous football club Schalke 04, which is named after Gelsenkirchen-Schalke. The club's stadium Veltins-Arena, however, is located in Gelsenkirchen-Erle.

Gelsenkirchen was first documented in 1150, but it remained a tiny village until the 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of the entire area. In 1840, when the mining of coal began, 6,000 inhabitants lived in Gelsenkirchen; in 1900 the population had increased to 138,000. In the early 20th century, Gelsenkirchen was the most important coal mining town in Europe. It was called the „city of a thousand fires" for the flames of mine gases flaring at night.

Other: Münster Government Region, Coesfeld, Steinfurt, Warendorf District, Gelsenkirchen, Borken, Münster, Bottrop, Recklinghausen

Neighbours: Bochum, Herne, Essen, Recklinghausen

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Gelsenkirchen – DEA32, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PDEA32, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164