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Gelsenkirchen - DEA32

EU regions: Germany > North Rhine-Westphalia > Münster Government Region > Gelsenkirchen

map of Gelsenkirchen DEA32
flag of Gelsenkirchen DEA32 coat of arms Gelsenkirchen DEA32
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202094
number of inhabitants2021259 105
population density20192477.6
old-age dependency ratio202132.4

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q2765 * on OpenStreetMap * Gelsenkirchen slovensky: DEA32

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Gelsenkirchen

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid DEA32 Gelsenkirchen

From wikipedia:

Gelsenkirchen (UK: , US: , German: [ˌɡɛlzn̩ˈkɪʁçn̩] (listen); Westphalian: Gelsenkiärken) is the 11th largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and its 262,528 (2016) inhabitants make it the 25th largest city of Germany. On the Emscher River (a tributary of the Rhine), it lies at the centre of the Ruhr, the largest urban area of Germany, of which it is the fifth largest city after Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg and Bochum. The Ruhr is located in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, one of Europe's largest urban areas. Gelsenkirchen is the fifth largest city of Westphalia after Dortmund, Bochum, Bielefeld and Münster, and it is one of the southernmost cities in the Low German dialect area. The city is home to the famous football club Schalke 04, which is named after Gelsenkirchen-Schalke. The club's stadium Veltins-Arena, however, is located in Gelsenkirchen-Erle.

Gelsenkirchen was first documented in 1150, but it remained a tiny village until the 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of the entire area. In 1840, when the mining of coal began, 6,000 inhabitants lived in Gelsenkirchen; in 1900 the population had increased to 138,000. In the early 20th century, Gelsenkirchen was the most important coal mining town in Europe. It was called the „city of a thousand fires" for the flames of mine gases flaring at night.

other: Münster Government Region, Recklinghausen, Bottrop, Gelsenkirchen, Coesfeld, Borken, Warendorf District, Münster, Steinfurt

neighbours: Bochum, Herne, Essen, Recklinghausen

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Gelsenkirchen - DEA32, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/DEA32