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Essen – DEA13

EU regions: Germany > North Rhine-Westphalia > Düsseldorf Government Region > Essen

map of Essen DEA13
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2021130

More on wikipedia wikidata Q2066 on OpenStreetMap Essen slovensky: DEA13


number of inhabitants2023584 580
population density20222811.6
old-age dependency ratio202333.8
demographic pyramid DEA13 Essen

From Wikipedia: Essen (German pronunciation: [ˈɛsn̩] (listen); Latin: Assindia) is the central and second largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in Germany. Its population of 583,393 makes it the ninth largest city of Germany, as well as the fourth largest city of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. On the Ruhr and Emscher rivers, Essen geographically is part of the Rhineland and the larger Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region. The Ruhrdeutsch regiolect spoken in the region has strong influences of both Low German (Westphalian) and Low Franconian (East Bergish).

Essen is seat to several of the region's authorities, as well as to eight of the 100 largest publicly held German corporations regarding turnover, including three DAX corporations, placing Essen first among all German cities in the number of DAX corporate headquarters, together with Munich. Essen is often considered the energy capital of Germany with E.ON and RWE, Germany's largest energy providers, both headquartered in the city. Essen is also known for its impact on the arts through the respected Folkwang University of the Arts, its Zollverein School of Management and Design, and the Red Dot industrial product design award. In early 2003, the universities of Essen and the nearby city of Duisburg (both established in 1972) were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen. In 1958, Essen was chosen to serve as the seat to a Roman Catholic diocese (often referred to as Ruhrbistum or diocese of the Ruhr).

Founded around 845, Essen remained a small town within the sphere of influence of an important ecclesiastical principality (Essen Abbey) until the onset of industrialization.

Other: Düsseldorf Government Region, Oberhausen, Kleve, Düsseldorf, Mönchengladbach, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Krefeld, Solingen, Mettmann, Viersen, Wesel, Essen, Wuppertal, Remscheid, Duisburg, Rhein-Kreis Neuss

Neighbours: Bottrop, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, Recklinghausen, Gelsenkirchen, Mettmann, Bochum, Oberhausen

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Essen – DEA13, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PDEA13, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164