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Cyprus - CY

EU regions: Cyprus

map of Cyprus CY
flag of Cyprus CY coat of arms Cyprus CY
long term unemployment2021q42.3
share of long term unemployed2021q434.5
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202088
unemployment rate2021q46.4
employment rate2021q472.3
number of inhabitants2021896 007
population density201995.7
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20202.793
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.046
working hours on full time job2021q439.7
percentage of workers usually working from home20216.6
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202111.7
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2021q411.2
percentage of part time workers2021q49.84
percentage of part time workers, men2021q46.93
percentage of part time workers, women2021q412.97
gender pay gap20209
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202162.9
life long learning participation20219.7
youth unemployment rate2021q417.4
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2021q313.7
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2021q420
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2021q416.2
unemployment rate of low educated people2021q46.7
unemployment rate – over 55 years2021q44.1
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202021.3
aggregate replacement ratio20200.42
aggregate replacement ratio – females20200.39
old-age dependency ratio202124.3
gender gap in employment rate2021q485.79
gender gap in unemployment rate2021q4111.48
share of salaries on GDP2022q142.8
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20211.8
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202122 821

* Cyprus slovensky: CY

demographic pyramid CY Cyprus based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Cyprus

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education
Y20-29P: 13.0
E: 8.2; U: 1.0; I: 3.8
P: 55.1
E: 31.1; U: 5.5; I: 18.5
P: 55.5
E: 43.8; U: 5.7; I: 6.0
Y30-39P: 18.6
E: 14.8; U: 1.0; I: 2.8
P: 43.3
E: 35.5; U: 2.9; I: 4.9
P: 80.6
E: 70.0; U: 4.6; I: 6.0
Y40-49P: 16.8
E: 11.9; U: 1.0; I: 3.9
P: 45.7
E: 38.0; U: 2.8; I: 4.9
P: 49.0
E: 43.7; U: 1.8; I: 3.5
Y50-59P: 21.8
E: 13.5; U: 1.0; I: 7.3
P: 51.7
E: 37.8; U: 2.5; I: 11.4
P: 34.0
E: 27.6; U: 2.0; I: 4.4
Y60-69P: 34.3
E: 10.3; U: 0.4; I: 23.6
P: 35.5
E: 12.3; U: 0.5; I: 22.7
P: 22.2
E: 10.3; U: 0.6; I: 11.3

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid CY 1996 Cyprus, population pyramid of Cyprus demographic pyramid CY Cyprus

From wikipedia:

Cyprus ( (listen); Greek: Κύπρος [ˈcipros]; Turkish: Kıbrıs [ˈkɯbɾɯs]), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, lit. Cypriot Republic; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti, lit. Republic of Cyprus), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and Palestine, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.

The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. As a strategic location in the Middle East, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878 (de jure until 1914).

Cyprus was placed under the UK's administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by the UK in 1914. While Turkish Cypriots made up 18 % of the population, the partition of Cyprus and creation of a Turkish state in the north became a policy of Turkish Cypriot leaders and Turkey in the 1950s. Turkish leaders for a period advocated the annexation of Cyprus to Turkey as Cyprus was considered an „extension of Anatolia" by them; while, since the 19th century, the majority Greek Cypriot population and its Orthodox church had been pursuing union with Greece, which became a Greek national policy in the 1950s. Following nationalist violence in the 1950s, Cyprus was granted independence in 1960. The crisis of 1963 –64 brought further intercommunal violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, which displaced more than 25,000 Turkish Cypriots into enclaves and brought the end of Turkish Cypriot representation in the republic. On 15 July 1974, a coup d'état was staged by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta in an attempt at enosis, the incorporation of Cyprus into Greece. This action precipitated the Turkish invasion of Cyprus on 20 July, which led to the capture of the present-day territory of Northern Cyprus in the following month, after a ceasefire collapsed, and the displacement of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots.

other: Switzerland, Czech Republic, Cyprus

subregions: ΚΥΠΡΟΣ

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Cyprus - CY, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/CY


Current statistics

May 2022: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 188886, of which 85552 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 7.0 % (3.2 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 21.5 % (13.9 %), Revúca 20.8 % (13.5 %), Kežmarok 18.5 % (9.8 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Bratislava V 2.8 %, Trenčín 2.9 %, Ilava 3.1 %, Bratislava I 3.3 %, Nitra 3.3 %