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Cyprus – CY

EU regions: Cyprus

map of Cyprus CY
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20211.501
public expenditure on active labour market policies20210.037
Life long learning
life long learning participation202311
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202312.7
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20231.9
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q411.8
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q440.4
percentage of workers usually working from home20233.8
percentage of part time workers2023q47.12
percentage of part time workers, men2023q44.97
percentage of part time workers, women2023q49.32
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2024q141.3
monthly minimum wage in €2024q11000
monthly minimum wage in PPS2024q11086.83
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202324 903
Gender differences
gender pay gap202210.2
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202360.9
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021104.06
gender gap in employment rate202389.66
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q492.06
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q422.8
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q417.9
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q417.7
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202294
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20231.4
employment rate2023q473.8
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202021.3

More on wikipedia wikidata Q229 on OpenStreetMap Cyprus slovensky: CY

Subregions: Cyprus, Cyprus

demographic pyramid CY Cyprus based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q46.1
youth unemployment rate202316.9
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q46.7
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q41.7
share of long term unemployed2023q424.8

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Cyprus

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 11.8
E: 6.8; U: 1.6; I: 3.4
P: 55.6
E: 34.9; U: 5.6; I: 15.1
P: 57.8
E: 46.1; U: 6.1; I: 5.6
Y30-39P: 15.5
E: 12.3; U: 0.9; I: 2.3
P: 40.5
E: 34.0; U: 2.4; I: 4.1
P: 86.3
E: 76.1; U: 4.4; I: 5.8
Y40-49P: 17.8
E: 14.2; U: 0.3; I: 3.3
P: 42.8
E: 36.2; U: 1.9; I: 4.7
P: 60.1
E: 54.4; U: 1.8; I: 3.9
Y50-59P: 19.7
E: 12.1; U: 1.2; I: 6.4
P: 55.4
E: 42.6; U: 2.2; I: 10.6
P: 39.8
E: 32.8; U: 1.1; I: 5.9
Y60-69P: 30.8
E: 9.6; U: 0.4; I: 20.8
P: 36.9
E: 15.6; U: 0.7; I: 20.6
P: 26.2
E: 13.2; U: 0.3; I: 12.7

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid CY 1996 Cyprus, population pyramid of Cyprus
number of inhabitants2023920 701
population density202299.1
old-age dependency ratio202324.7
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q43.1
aggregate replacement ratio20230.42
aggregate replacement ratio – females20230.46
life expectancy of a 50 year old202132.7
healty life expectancy at 50 years202120.1
demographic pyramid CY Cyprus

Employment by sectors, Cyprus

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A112 %B-E36.18 %
F39.38 %G-I131.128 %
J24.65 %K27.66 %
L31 %M_N52.911 %
O-Q98.421 %R-U39.28 %
TOTAL463.2100 %

Data for the period year 2023. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Cyprus, 2023

From Wikipedia:

Cyprus ( (listen); Greek: Κύπρος [ˈcipros]; Turkish: Kıbrıs [ˈkɯbɾɯs]), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, lit. Cypriot Republic; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti, lit. Republic of Cyprus), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and Palestine, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.

The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. As a strategic location in the Middle East, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878 (de jure until 1914).

Cyprus was placed under the UK's administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by the UK in 1914. While Turkish Cypriots made up 18 % of the population, the partition of Cyprus and creation of a Turkish state in the north became a policy of Turkish Cypriot leaders and Turkey in the 1950s. Turkish leaders for a period advocated the annexation of Cyprus to Turkey as Cyprus was considered an „extension of Anatolia" by them; while, since the 19th century, the majority Greek Cypriot population and its Orthodox church had been pursuing union with Greece, which became a Greek national policy in the 1950s. Following nationalist violence in the 1950s, Cyprus was granted independence in 1960. The crisis of 1963–64 brought further intercommunal violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, which displaced more than 25,000 Turkish Cypriots into enclaves and brought the end of Turkish Cypriot representation in the republic. On 15 July 1974, a coup d'état was staged by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta in an attempt at enosis, the incorporation of Cyprus into Greece. This action precipitated the Turkish invasion of Cyprus on 20 July, which led to the capture of the present-day territory of Northern Cyprus in the following month, after a ceasefire collapsed, and the displacement of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots.

Other: Switzerland, Czech Republic, Cyprus

Subregions: Cyprus, Cyprus

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Cyprus – CY, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PCY, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164