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Passau – DE222

EU regions: Germany > Bavaria > Lower Bavaria > Passau

map of Passau DE222
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2021194

More on wikipedia wikidata Q4190 on OpenStreetMap Passau slovensky: DE222


number of inhabitants202353 907
population density2022823.1
old-age dependency ratio202332.3
demographic pyramid DE222 Passau

From Wikipedia: Passau (German pronunciation: [ˈpasaʊ]') is a town in Lower Bavaria, Germany, also known as the Dreiflüssestadt ("City of Three Rivers") because the Danube is joined there by the Inn from the south and the Ilz from the north.

Passau's population is 50,000, of whom about 12,000 are students at the University of Passau, renowned in Germany for its institutes of economics, law, theology, computer science and cultural studies.


In the 2nd century BC, many of the Boii tribe were pushed north across the Alps out of northern Italy by the Romans. They established a new capital called Boiodurum by the Romans (from Gaulish Boioduron), now within the Innstadt district of Passau.

Passau was an ancient Roman colony of ancient Noricum called Batavis, Latin for „for the Batavi." The Batavi were an ancient Germanic tribe often mentioned by classical authors, and they were regularly associated with the Suebian marauders, the Heruli.

During the second half of the 5th century, St. Severinus established a monastery here. The site was subject to repeated raids by the Alemanni. In 739, an English monk called Boniface founded the diocese of Passau, which for many years was the largest diocese of the German Kingdom/Holy Roman Empire, covering territory in southern Bavaria and most of what is now Upper and Lower Austria. From the 10th century the bishops of Passau also exercised secular authority as Prince-Bishops in the immediate area around Passau (see Prince-Bishopric of Passau).

In the Treaty of Passau (1552), Archduke Ferdinand I, representing Emperor Charles V, secured the agreement of the Protestant princes to submit the religious question to a diet. This led to the Peace of Augsburg in 1555.

Other: Lower Bavaria, Passau, Regen, Rottal-Inn, Dingolfing-Landau, Straubing, Kelheim, Deggendorf, Landshut, Straubing-Bogen, Landshut, Passau, Freyung-Grafenau

Neighbours: Innviertel, Passau

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Passau – DE222, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PDE222, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164