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Italy – IT

EU regions: Italy

map of Italy IT
Labour market policy
public expenditure on labour market policies as % of GDP20202.99
public expenditure on active labour market policies20200.22
Life long learning
life long learning participation20229.6
Precarious work
percentage of employees ususally working on Sunday202114.2
percentage of employees ususally working at nights20215.9
percentage of employees with temporary contracts2023q213.3
Part time jobs and flexible employment
working hours on full time job2023q238.6
percentage of workers usually working from home20225.2
percentage of part time workers2023q217.52
percentage of part time workers, men2023q27.39
percentage of part time workers, women2023q231.14
Minimum and average wage
share of salaries on GDP2023q338.1
annual net earnings of a full-time single worker without children earning an average wage in PPS202223 947
Gender differences
gender pay gap20215
employment of mothers of more than 3 children202235
healthy life expectancy of men vs. women2021102.33
gender gap in employment rate2023q274.5
gender gap in unemployment rate2023q2124.64
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education2023q229.6
unemployment rate of youth with secondary education2023q220.1
unemployment rate of youth with tertiary education2023q218.5
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202195
Payable interest of public debt as % od GDP20224.3
employment rate2023q261.6
Social exclusion
people at risk of poverty or social exclusion202025.3

More on wikipedia wikidata Q38 on OpenStreetMap Italy slovensky: IT

Subregions: Northwest Italy, South Italy, Insular Italy, Northeast Italy, Central Italy

demographic pyramid IT Italy based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive


unemployment rate2023q27.6
youth unemployment rate2023q222.1
unemployment rate of low educated people2023q211.4
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment2023q24.2
share of long term unemployed2023q256.5

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Italy

Age groupLow educationMiddle educationHigh education
Y20-29P: 991.7
E: 444.7; U: 159.3; I: 387.7
P: 3636.4
E: 1715.6; U: 321.5; I: 1599.3
P: 1280.9
E: 687.0; U: 91.6; I: 502.3
Y30-39P: 1743.0
E: 1021.5; U: 167.4; I: 554.1
P: 3029.5
E: 2209.7; U: 211.5; I: 608.3
P: 1802.9
E: 1537.4; U: 70.7; I: 194.8
Y40-49P: 2830.2
E: 1755.4; U: 225.8; I: 849.0
P: 3766.2
E: 2991.8; U: 174.7; I: 599.7
P: 1807.3
E: 1618.8; U: 45.6; I: 142.9
Y50-59P: 4384.7
E: 2518.9; U: 228.8; I: 1637.0
P: 3705.8
E: 2881.2; U: 124.1; I: 700.5
P: 1386.8
E: 1253.4; U: 24.5; I: 108.9
Y60-69P: 4156.4
E: 817.6; U: 64.1; I: 3274.7
P: 2535.6
E: 862.1; U: 32.6; I: 1640.9
P: 864.1
E: 467.1; U: 6.1; I: 390.9

Note: in thousands in 2022, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive


demographic pyramid IT 1996 Italy, population pyramid of Italy
number of inhabitants202259 030 133
population density2022198.6
old-age dependency ratio202237.5
Population ageing
unemployment rate – over 55 years2023q24.9
aggregate replacement ratio20220.75
aggregate replacement ratio – females20220.72
life expectancy of a 50 year old202133.9
healty life expectancy at 50 years202121.8
demographic pyramid IT Italy

Employment by sectors, Italy

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A874.94 %B-E4656.320 %
F1550.77 %G-I5709.325 %
J688.53 %K605.13 %
L156.11 %M_N2519.711 %
O-Q4628.820 %R-U17107 %
TOTAL23 099100 %

Data for the period year 2022. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Italy, 2022

From Wikipedia:

Italy (Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (listen)), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna]), is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi), and land area of 294,140 km2 (113,570 sq mi), and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most pred­ominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia of southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed.

Other: Iceland, Italy, Republic of Ireland

Neighbours: Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland, France

Subregions: Northwest Italy, South Italy, Insular Italy, Northeast Italy, Central Italy

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Italy – IT, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PIT, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164