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Martinique - FRY2

EU regions: France > overseas department and region of France > Martinique


map of Martinique FRY2
flag of Martinique FRY2 coat of arms Martinique FRY2
indicatorperiodvalue
long term unemployment20216.4
share of long term unemployed202150.3
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202076
unemployment rate202113.1
employment rate202156.4
number of inhabitants2021356 029
population density2019328.6
percentage of part time workers, men20219.16
percentage of part time workers, women202122.64
life long learning participation20217.8
youth unemployment rate202138.5
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education201379.2
NEET202119.6
old-age dependency ratio202136.8
gender gap in employment rate202195.67
gender gap in unemployment rate2021111.57

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q17054 * Martinique slovensky: FRY2

demographic pyramid FRY2 Martinique based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Martinique

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid FRY2 Martinique

From wikipedia:

Martinique ( MAR-tin-EEK, French: [maʁtinik] (listen); Martinican Creole: Matinik or Matnik; Kalinago: Madinina or Madiana) is an island and an Overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France, and therefore an integral part of the French Republic, located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of 1,128 square kilometres (436 sq mi) and a population of 376,480 inhabitants as of January 2016. One of the Windward Islands, it is directly north of Saint Lucia, northwest of Barbados and south of Dominica. Martinique is also an Outermost Region (OMR) of European Union as a special territory of the European Union and the currency in use is the euro. An analogous situation to Martinique's status in the French Republic is the status of Hawaii in the United States. Virtually the entire population speaks both French (the sole official language) and Martinican Creole.

Etymology

It is thought that Martinique is a corruption of the Taïno name for the island (Madiana/Madinina, meaning 'island of flowers', or Matinino, „island of women"), as relayed to Christopher Columbus when he visited the island in 1502. According to historian Sydney Daney, the island was called „Jouanacaëra" or „Wanakaera" by the Caribs, which means „the island of iguanas".

History

Pre-European contact

The island was occupied first by Arawaks, then by Caribs. The Arawaks were described as gentle timorous Indians and the Caribs as ferocious cannibal warriors. The Arawaks came from Central America in the 1st century AD and the Caribs came from the Venezuela coast around the 11th century. When Columbus arrived, the Caribs had massacred many of their adversaries, sparing the women, whom they kept for their personal or domestic use.

European arrival and early colonial period

Martinique was charted by Columbus in 1493, but Spain had little interest in the territory. Christopher Columbus landed on 15 June 1502, after a 21-day trade wind passage, his fastest ocean voyage.

other: overseas department and region of France, French Guiana, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Mayotte, Réunion

subregions: Martinique

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Martinique - FRY2, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/FRY2


https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/FRY2

Current statistics

May 2022: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 188886, of which 85552 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 7.0 % (3.2 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 21.5 % (13.9 %), Revúca 20.8 % (13.5 %), Kežmarok 18.5 % (9.8 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Bratislava V 2.8 %, Trenčín 2.9 %, Ilava 3.1 %, Bratislava I 3.3 %, Nitra 3.3 %