Employment Institute - https://www.iz.sk - logoqr kod na stranku

Martinique - FRY2

EU regions: France > overseas department and region of France > Martinique

map of Martinique FRY2
flag of Martinique FRY2 coat of arms Martinique FRY2
long term unemployment20207.2
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average201970
unemployment rate202012.7
employment rate202056.4
number of inhabitants2020359 821
population density2019328.6
percentage of part time workers, men20209.87
percentage of part time workers, women202020.91
life long learning participation20207.6
youth unemployment rate202038.3
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education201379.2
old-age dependency ratio202036
gender gap in employment rate202098.25
gender gap in unemployment rate2020101.63

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q17054 * Martinique slovensky: FRY2

demographic pyramid FRY2 Martinique

From wikipedia:

Martinique ( MAR-tin-EEK, French: [maʁtinik] (listen); Martinican Creole: Matinik or Matnik; Kalinago: Madinina or Madiana) is an island and an Overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France, and therefore an integral part of the French Republic, located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of 1,128 square kilometres (436 sq mi) and a population of 376,480 inhabitants as of January 2016. One of the Windward Islands, it is directly north of Saint Lucia, northwest of Barbados and south of Dominica. Martinique is also an Outermost Region (OMR) of European Union as a special territory of the European Union and the currency in use is the euro. An analogous situation to Martinique's status in the French Republic is the status of Hawaii in the United States. Virtually the entire population speaks both French (the sole official language) and Martinican Creole.


It is thought that Martinique is a corruption of the Taïno name for the island (Madiana/Madinina, meaning 'island of flowers', or Matinino, „island of women"), as relayed to Christopher Columbus when he visited the island in 1502. According to historian Sydney Daney, the island was called „Jouanacaëra" or „Wanakaera" by the Caribs, which means „the island of iguanas".


Pre-European contact

The island was occupied first by Arawaks, then by Caribs. The Arawaks were described as gentle timorous Indians and the Caribs as ferocious cannibal warriors. The Arawaks came from Central America in the 1st century AD and the Caribs came from the Venezuela coast around the 11th century. When Columbus arrived, the Caribs had massacred many of their adversaries, sparing the women, whom they kept for their personal or domestic use.

European arrival and early colonial period

Martinique was charted by Columbus in 1493, but Spain had little interest in the territory. Christopher Columbus landed on 15 June 1502, after a 21-day trade wind passage, his fastest ocean voyage.

other: overseas department and region of France, Réunion, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Mayotte, French Guiana

subregions: Martinique

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Martinique - FRY2, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/FRY2


Current statistics

October 2021: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 202619, of which 94228 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 7.5 % (3.5 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Revúca 21.5 % (13.8 %), Rimavská Sobota 21.4 % (13.7 %), Kežmarok 18.7 % (10.3 %), Rožňava 16.9 % (10.8 %), Sobrance 16.7 % (10.1 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Nitra 3.8 %, Trenčín 3.8 %, Trnava 3.8 %, Piešťany 3.8 %, Hlohovec 3.9 %