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Martinique – FRY2

EU regions: France > overseas department and region of France > Martinique

map of Martinique FRY2
Life long learning
life long learning participation202310.8
Part time jobs and flexible employment
percentage of part time workers202314
percentage of part time workers, men20236.67
percentage of part time workers, women202319.91
Gender differences
gender gap in employment rate2023100
gender gap in unemployment rate202392.86
Graduates and young people
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education201379.2
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average202270
employment rate202359.9

More on wikipedia wikidata Q17054 Martinique slovensky: FRY2

Subregions: Martinique


unemployment rate202311
youth unemployment rate202328
Long term unemployment
long term unemployment20235.3
share of long term unemployed202348.8


number of inhabitants2023353 444
population density2021325
old-age dependency ratio202338.9
demographic pyramid FRY2 Martinique

Employment by sectors, Martinique

NACE r2%NACE r2%
A5.74 %B-E8.47 %
F7.96 %G-I27.421 %
M_N12.510 %O-Q49.439 %
R-U10.48 %TOTAL128.3100 %

Data for the period year 2023. Source of the data is Eurostat, table [lfst_r_lfe2en2].

Employment by sectors, Martinique, 2023

From Wikipedia:

Martinique ( MAR-tin-EEK, French: [maʁtinik] (listen); Martinican Creole: Matinik or Matnik; Kalinago: Madinina or Madiana) is an island and an Overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France, and therefore an integral part of the French Republic, located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of 1,128 square kilometres (436 sq mi) and a population of 376,480 inhabitants as of January 2016. One of the Windward Islands, it is directly north of Saint Lucia, northwest of Barbados and south of Dominica. Martinique is also an Outermost Region (OMR) of European Union as a special territory of the European Union and the currency in use is the euro. An analogous situation to Martinique's status in the French Republic is the status of Hawaii in the United States. Virtually the entire population speaks both French (the sole official language) and Martinican Creole.


It is thought that Martinique is a corruption of the Taïno name for the island (Madiana/Madinina, meaning 'island of flowers', or Matinino, „island of women"), as relayed to Christopher Columbus when he visited the island in 1502. According to historian Sydney Daney, the island was called „Jouanacaëra" or „Wanakaera" by the Caribs, which means „the island of iguanas".


Pre-European contact

The island was occupied first by Arawaks, then by Caribs. The Arawaks were described as gentle timorous Indians and the Caribs as ferocious cannibal warriors. The Arawaks came from Central America in the 1st century AD and the Caribs came from the Venezuela coast around the 11th century. When Columbus arrived, the Caribs had massacred many of their adversaries, sparing the women, whom they kept for their personal or domestic use.

European arrival and early colonial period

Martinique was charted by Columbus in 1493, but Spain had little interest in the territory. Christopher Columbus landed on 15 June 1502, after a 21-day trade wind passage, his fastest ocean voyage.

Other: overseas department and region of France, Mayotte, French Guiana, Réunion, Martinique, Guadeloupe

Subregions: Martinique

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Martinique – FRY2, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PFRY2, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164