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Cottbus - DE402

EU regions: Germany > BRANDENBURG > Brandenburg > Cottbus


map of Cottbus DE402
flag of Cottbus DE402 coat of arms Cottbus DE402
indicatorperiodvalue
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2019105
number of inhabitants202198 693
population density2019605.7
old-age dependency ratio202143.4

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q3214 * on OpenStreetMap * Cottbus slovensky: DE402

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Cottbus

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid DE402 Cottbus

From wikipedia:

Cottbus (German pronunciation: [ˈkɔtbʊs] (listen); Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz, pronounced [ˈxɨɕɛbus]) is a university city and the second-largest city in Brandenburg, Germany. Situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree, Cottbus is also a major railway junction with extensive sidings/depots. Although only a small Sorbian minority lives in Cottbus itself, the city is considered as the political and cultural center of the Sorbs in Lower Lusatia.

Spelling

Until the beginning of the 20th century, the spelling of the city's name was disputed. In Berlin, the spelling „Kottbus" was preferred, and it is still used for the capital's Kottbusser Tor ("Cottbus Gate"), but locally the traditional spelling „Cottbus" (which defies standard German-language rules) was preferred, and it is now used in most circumstances. Because the official spelling used locally before the spelling reforms of 1996 had contravened even the standardized spelling rules already in place, the Standing Committee for Geographical Names stress their urgent recommendation that geographical names should respect the national spelling standards. In this context it is to be noted that a citizen of the city may be identified as either a "Cottbuser" or a "Cottbusser".

Names in different languages:

  • Czech: Chotěbuz
  • German: Cottbus
  • Latin: Cotbusium
  • Polish: Chociebuż
  • Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz
  • Upper Sorbian: Choćebuz
  • Yiddish: קוטבוס‎, romanized: Kutbus

History

The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side by side with the Sorbs.

other: Brandenburg, Ostprignitz-Ruppin District, Teltow-Fläming District, Elbe-Elster District, Uckermark District, Havelland District, Oberhavel District, Brandenburg an der Havel, Prignitz District, Spree-Neiße District, Dahme-Spreewald District, Frankfurt (Oder), Potsdam, Cottbus, Märkisch-Oderland District, Barnim District, Potsdam-Mittelmark District, Oder-Spree District, Oberspreewald-Lausitz District

neighbours: Spree-Neiße District

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Cottbus - DE402, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/DE402


https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/DE402

Current statistics

October 2022: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 178265, of which 76104 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 6.6 % (2.8 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Rimavská Sobota 20.5 % (13.2 %), Revúca 19.6 % (12.7 %), Kežmarok 18.0 % (9.2 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Bratislava V 2.6 %, Ilava 2.8 %, Trenčín 2.8 %, Bratislava I 2.9 %, Nitra 3.0 %