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Cottbus – DE402

EU regions: Germany > Brandenburg > Brandenburg > Cottbus


map of Cottbus DE402
IndicatorPeriodValue
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2021105

More on wikipedia wikidata Q3214 on OpenStreetMap Cottbus slovensky: DE402

Demographics

IndicatorPeriodValue
Demographics
number of inhabitants202399 515
population density2022597.1
old-age dependency ratio202344
demographic pyramid DE402 Cottbus

From Wikipedia:

Cottbus (German pronunciation: [ˈkɔtbʊs] (listen); Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz, pronounced [ˈxɨɕɛbus]) is a university city and the second-largest city in Brandenburg, Germany. Situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree, Cottbus is also a major railway junction with extensive sidings/depots. Although only a small Sorbian minority lives in Cottbus itself, the city is considered as the political and cultural center of the Sorbs in Lower Lusatia.

Spelling

Until the beginning of the 20th century, the spelling of the city's name was disputed. In Berlin, the spelling „Kottbus" was preferred, and it is still used for the capital's Kottbusser Tor ("Cottbus Gate"), but locally the traditional spelling „Cottbus" (which defies standard German-language rules) was preferred, and it is now used in most circumstances. Because the official spelling used locally before the spelling reforms of 1996 had contravened even the standardized spelling rules already in place, the Standing Committee for Geographical Names stress their urgent recommendation that geographical names should respect the national spelling standards. In this context it is to be noted that a citizen of the city may be identified as either a "Cottbuser" or a "Cottbusser".

Names in different languages:

  • Czech: Chotěbuz
  • German: Cottbus
  • Latin: Cotbusium
  • Polish: Chociebuż
  • Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz
  • Upper Sorbian: Choćebuz
  • Yiddish: קוטבוס‎, romanized: Kutbus

History

The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side by side with the Sorbs.

Other: Brandenburg, Frankfurt (Oder), Dahme-Spreewald District, Elbe-Elster District, Oberhavel District, Oberspreewald-Lausitz District, Oder-Spree District, Ostprignitz-Ruppin District, Spree-Neiße District, Cottbus, Barnim District, Havelland District, Märkisch-Oderland District, Potsdam, Uckermark District, Potsdam-Mittelmark District, Prignitz District, Brandenburg an der Havel, Teltow-Fläming District

Neighbours: Spree-Neiße District

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Cottbus – DE402, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PDE402, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164


https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/DE402