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Cottbus – DE402

EU regions: Germany > Brandenburg > Brandenburg > Cottbus

map of Cottbus DE402
Gross domestic product
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2021105

More on wikipedia wikidata Q3214 on OpenStreetMap Cottbus slovensky: DE402


number of inhabitants202399 515
population density2022599.6
old-age dependency ratio202344
demographic pyramid DE402 Cottbus

From Wikipedia:

Cottbus (German pronunciation: [ˈkɔtbʊs] (listen); Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz, pronounced [ˈxɨɕɛbus]) is a university city and the second-largest city in Brandenburg, Germany. Situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree, Cottbus is also a major railway junction with extensive sidings/depots. Although only a small Sorbian minority lives in Cottbus itself, the city is considered as the political and cultural center of the Sorbs in Lower Lusatia.


Until the beginning of the 20th century, the spelling of the city's name was disputed. In Berlin, the spelling „Kottbus" was preferred, and it is still used for the capital's Kottbusser Tor ("Cottbus Gate"), but locally the traditional spelling „Cottbus" (which defies standard German-language rules) was preferred, and it is now used in most circumstances. Because the official spelling used locally before the spelling reforms of 1996 had contravened even the standardized spelling rules already in place, the Standing Committee for Geographical Names stress their urgent recommendation that geographical names should respect the national spelling standards. In this context it is to be noted that a citizen of the city may be identified as either a "Cottbuser" or a "Cottbusser".

Names in different languages:

  • Czech: Chotěbuz
  • German: Cottbus
  • Latin: Cotbusium
  • Polish: Chociebuż
  • Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz
  • Upper Sorbian: Choćebuz
  • Yiddish: קוטבוס‎, romanized: Kutbus


The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side by side with the Sorbs.

Other: Brandenburg, Elbe-Elster District, Oberspreewald-Lausitz District, Barnim District, Ostprignitz-Ruppin District, Uckermark District, Dahme-Spreewald District, Havelland District, Oberhavel District, Oder-Spree District, Märkisch-Oderland District, Potsdam, Cottbus, Frankfurt (Oder), Potsdam-Mittelmark District, Prignitz District, Spree-Neiße District, Brandenburg an der Havel, Teltow-Fläming District

Neighbours: Spree-Neiße District

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: Europe and its regions in numbers - Cottbus – DE402, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/​PDE402, ISBN: 978-80-970204-9-1, DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10200164