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Campania - ITF3

EU regions: Italy > South Italy > Campania

map of Campania ITF3
flag of Campania ITF3 coat of arms Campania ITF3
unemployment rate202018.3
employment rate202040.9
number of inhabitants20205 712 143
population density2019422.2
life long learning participation20205.3
old-age dependency ratio202028.9
gender gap in employment rate202053.85

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q1438 * on OpenStreetMap * Campania slovensky: ITF3

demographic pyramid ITF3 1996 Campania demographic pyramid ITF3 Campania

From wikipedia:

Campania (, also UK: , US: , Italian: [kamˈpaːnja], Neapolitan: [kamˈbɑːnjə]) is a region in Southern Italy. As of 2018, the region has a population of around 5,820,000 people, making it the third-most-populous region of Italy; its total area of 13,590 km2 (5,247 sq mi) makes it the most densely populated region in the country. Located on the south-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, with the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west, it includes the small Phlegraean Islands and Capri for administration as part of the region.

Seashores of the region was colonised by Ancient Greeks between 8th and 7th centuries BC, becoming part of so-called Magna Græcia. The capital city of Campania is Naples. Campania is rich in culture, especially in regard to gastronomy, music, architecture, archeological and ancient sites such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis, Paestum, Aeclanum, Stabiae and Velia. The name of Campania itself is derived from Latin, as the Romans knew the region as Campania felix, which translates into English as „fertile countryside" or „happy countryside“. The rich natural sights of Campania make it highly important in the tourism industry, especially along the Amalfi Coast, Mount Vesuvius and the island of Capri.


Ancient tribes and Samnite Wars

The region nowadays known as Campania was inhabited since the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, if not even before, by Oscan-speaking Italic tribes, namely the Osci, the Opici, the Aurunci, the Ausones, the Sidicini and the Campanians (where the name of the region stems from). Around the time between the 9th and the 6th century BC, the Etruscans started to establishing colonies in the Campanian Plain (inland territories of the modern-days provinces of Caserta and Naples), in the Agro Nocerino Sarnese and in the Agro Picentino (in the modern-day province of Salerno), where they essentially replicated their Dodecapolis (twelve cities) political model, founding the cities of Hyria (modern-day Nola), Irnthi or Marcina (modern-day Salerno), Amina (modern-day Pontecagnano Faiano), Velcha, Velsu and Uri, in addition to incorporating in their colonization process also the pre-existing Oscan towns of Capua (modern-day Santa Maria Capua Vetere), Nuceria (modern-day comuni of Nocera Superiore and Nocera Inferiore), Suessula, Acerra, Ercolano, Pompeii, Stabiae and Sorrento. Meanwhile, during the 8th century BC, Greek-speaking people from Euboea (in the Central Greece), known as Cumaeans, began to establish colonies themselves roughly around the seasides of the modern-day province of Naples and in the nearby islands, founding, among the others, the cities of Cumae, Pithekoūsai (modern-day Ischia) and Dicaearchia (modern-day Pozzuoli).

At one point in history, a distinctively set of Oscan-speaking tribes from the Samnium (in south-central Italy), the Samnites, moved down into Campania.

other: South Italy, Molise, Calabria, Basilicata, Campania, Apulia, Abruzzo

neighbours: Molise, Lazio, Basilicata, Apulia

subregions: Province of Caserta, Benevento Province, Napoli, Province of Avellino, Province of Salerno


Current statistics

August 2021: number of unemployed at the labour offices: 217147, of which 96156 are long term unemployed, unemployment rate 8.0 % (3.6 % long term unemployment)

Highest unemployment: Revúca 22.8 % (13.9 %), Rimavská Sobota 22.1 % (13.8 %), Kežmarok 18.7 % (10.3 %)

Lowest unemployment:: Hlohovec 4.1 %, Nitra 4.1 %, Piešťany 4.1 %, Bratislava V 4.2 %, Trenčín 4.2 %