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Lombardy - ITC4

EU regions: Italy > Northwest Italy > Lombardy

map of Lombardy ITC4
flag of Lombardy ITC4 coat of arms Lombardy ITC4
long term unemployment20212.7
share of long term unemployed202145.8
GDP per capita in PPS of EU average2021128
unemployment rate20216
employment rate202166.5
number of inhabitants20229 943 004
population density2019435.8
life long learning participation202110.4
youth unemployment rate202121.2
unemployment rate of youth with elementary education202130
old-age dependency ratio202236.4
gender gap in employment rate202181.06

more on wikipedia * more on wikidata Q1210 * Lombardy slovensky: ITC4

demographic pyramid ITC4 Lombardy based on economic activity – employed, unemploye, inactive

Composition of population according to age group, education and economic activity, Lombardy

age grouplow educationmiddle educationhigh education

note: in thousands, according to labour force sample survey. P – total population, E – employed, U – unemployed, I – number of ecnomically inactive

demographic pyramid ITC4 1996 Lombardy, population pyramid of Lombardy demographic pyramid ITC4 Lombardy

Employment by sectors, Lombardy

A73.12 %
B-E1117.226 %
F263.66 %
G-I947.122 %
J1754 %
K1764 %
L32.81 %
M_N534.812 %
O-Q705.316 %
R-U307.67 %
TOTAL4332.5100 %

za 2021, tabulka='lfst_r_lfe2en2' and tags->'age'='Y_GE15' and tags->'sex'='T'

Employment by sectors, Lombardy, 2021From wikipedia:

Lombardy ( LOM-bər-dee, LUM-; Italian: Lombardia [lombarˈdiːa]; Lombard: Lombardia, Western Lombard: [lũbarˈdiːa], or Lombardéa, Eastern Lombard: [lombarˈde.a]) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23,844 square kilometres (9,206 sq mi). About 10 million people, forming one-sixth of Italy's population, live in Lombardy and about a fifth of Italy's GDP is produced in the region, making it the most populous and richest region in the country and one of the richest regions in Europe. Milan, Lombardy's capital, is the second-largest city and the largest metropolitan area in Italy.


The word Lombardy comes from Lombard, which in turn is derived from Late Latin Longobardus, Langobardus ("a Lombard"), derived from the Proto-Germanic elements *langaz + *bardaz; equivalent to long beard. Some sources derive the second element instead from Proto-Germanic *bardǭ, *barduz ("axe"), related to German Barte ("axe").

During the early Middle Ages „Lombardy" referred to the Kingdom of the Lombards (Latin: Regnum Langobardorum), a kingdom ruled by the Germanic Lombards who had controlled most of Italy since their invasion of Byzantine Italy in 568. As such „Lombardy" and „Italy" were almost interchangeable; by the mid-8th century the Lombards ruled everywhere except the Papal possessions around Rome (roughly modern Lazio and northern Umbria), Venice and some Byzantine possessions in the south (southern Apulia and Calabria; some coastal settlements including Amalfi, Gaeta, Naples and Sorrento; Sicily and Sardinia). The Kingdom was divided between Longobardia Major in the north and Langobardia Minor in the south, which were until the 8th century separated by the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna (roughly Romagna and northern Marche, and initially also Emilia and Liguria) and the Papacy (which was initially part of the Exarchate). During the late Middle Ages, after the fall of the northern part of the Kingdom to Charlemagne, the term shifted to mean Northern Italy. (See: Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire)). The term was also used until around 965 in the form Λογγοβαρδία (Longobardia) as the name for the territory roughly covering modern Apulia which the Byzantines had recovered from the Lombard rump Duchy of Benevento.

other: Northwest Italy, Valle d'Aosta/Vallée d'Aoste, Lombardy, Liguria, Piedmont

neighbours: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano/Bozen, Emilia-Romagna, Veneto, Trentino-South Tyrol, Ticino, Piedmont, Eastern Switzerland

subregions: Province of Varese, Province of Como, Province of Lecco, Province of Sondrio, Province of Bergamo, Province of Brescia, Province of Pavia, Province of Lodi, Province of Cremona, Province of Mantua, Metropolitan City of Milan, Province of Monza and Brianza

Suggested citation: Michal Páleník: EU regions - Lombardy - ITC4, IZ Bratislava, retrieved from: https://www.iz.sk/en/projects/eu-regions/ITC4